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Born a Rasta Man: A Conversation with U Brown an Original Jamaican Deejay
By Dj Maze

Since the 1950s, Sound Systems (large mobile discos) have been an integral feature of Jamaica's culture. Outside Jamaica the word Deejay, or DJ, describes a person who plays music from records, or more commonly nowadays from CDs or a laptop. But in Jamaica the word Deejay is used to describe a person who raps over a rhythm. The style originated on Sound Systems where the Deejays used to chat between tracks. The style was influenced by disc jockeys on the R&B radio stations that reached Jamaica from America. The Jamaican DJs would imitate the style of the American DJ’s and start adding their own flavor. Eventually the person MC’ing was separated from the person playing the records, but the name “Deejay” stuck.

U Brown was one of the first deejay superstars to appear on the scene in the early 70’s. He was heavily inspired both in style and in name by the man who is credited as the originator of the deejay style, U-Roy.

Being a long time reggae selector and record collector, I was thrilled to have the chance to do an interview with an icon of early deejaying. Through Skype I reached U Brown at his home in Kingston Jamaica…

How did you get started in reggae music?
First of all I want to say greetings to all the massive in China. Greetings to the promoters who are trying to make reggae more established in China. Because they realize reggae is good music, and it carries a good vibration and a good message. So I say greetings to each and everyone. Bless....
Well, Jamaica is the place where reggae music originates from. In Jamaica, on every corner, you can hear music playing. Whether it is in a bar, from your neighbor’s house or a sound system. So I got attached to music early, and I realized that I loved music because music was in me, but I didn’t know which direction to go in the music – whether to sing, deejay, play an instrument, produce, or just be a fan, but I connected with music. By growing up in western Kingston Jamaica, I was living close to Treasure Isle studio (famous record studio in Jamaica) often hearing their sound system playing from the corner, it pulled my attention even more.
Later I moved from western Kingston to another community called Tower Hill, which is in the area of Waterhouse, Kingston 11 (famous Jamaican record studio). I started hanging out with some new friends, and one of them loved music as well and he loved going to the dancehall. Many times we would steal away from our parents’ house and go to the dances at night, even though we would get in trouble when we would come home. I got even more attracted and more attached to the music because I started to see things happening live; I started to see the DJ putting on the records and I started to hear them talk through the microphone. The first person who grabbed my attention as a deejay was U-Roy. Back in those days, the vinyl records had the song with the vocals on one side and on the flip side would be the “version” (instrumental). The DJ would first play the vocal cut and then flip the record and put the version on and then the deejay would start to say a few words like “Brothers and sisters good day” and "shake your soul and rock on your toe”. It impressed me, and I was living in the same community as U-Roy. I would hear his music at night in the dances and on jukeboxes in the daytime and I would start chanting his songs. Some of my friends liked how it sounded and they would tell me to get on the microphone. I was bit shy at the time, but one night I was brave enough to take the microphone and I started to deejay on the sound system. When people started to look at me, I got shy and I would loose my concentration, but I still continued and that is how I got started.

How difficult was it to get the chance to deejay on the sound systems back then?
In those days it wasn’t as competitive as it is today. We just did it as something that we liked and it was fun.
The more established sounds like King Tubby’s, The Dubmaster and Tipper Tone would have famous deejays like Big Youth, and it wasn’t easy to get on them sounds. You had to find a little sound to get started and get a chance to get the microphone. Nowadays the sound systems have many deejays that pass through and chant on the microphone, but in those days the deejays were attached to one sound system. So if you wanted to hear U-Roy, you would have to go and listen to King Tubby’s; if you wanted to listen to Big Youth, you would have to go and listen to Tipper Tone; that was the thing in those days. So I started with Silver Bullet and started to do the thing I liked. I wasn’t thinking about a career.

How old were you at the time?
At that time I was between the age of 12 and 14. I was still going to school, but I wasn’t going to school as I was supposed to. You know, boys will be boys, and we used to steal out of class and not turn up at school, without my mother knowing of course. Ha ha.

What would you chant about in the dancehall, what were the lyrics about?
Most songs would be regular love songs. But there were certain types of songs that you would only hear on sound systems, songs about injustice to the poor people; those type of songs would not be played on the radio, so that is where the sound system played its part. The sound system was the people’s radio station. Back in those days many people couldn’t even afford a radio. The sound systems were set up outside and they played loud, the sound would reach very far, maybe five to six blocks away, so people would hear the sound in their homes and they would hear the words that were being sung and chanted on the sound system. The songs were about things people could identify with whether it was “I need a girl” or “I work but I don’t get no pay” or about the injustice in society. What fortunately happened for Bob Marley was that he met the right person at the right time to help promote his music and establish it around the world. The message of the music could reach even further as his music would get played on the commercial stations. His songs didn’t mention Jamaica specifically, sufferers all over the world could identify with the message in the music. Babylon is a vampire that sucks the blood from the sufferers.

How does Rastafarianism play a role in your life and your music?
I was born a Rasta Man, I live a Rasta Man. Rasta doesn’t mean you have dreadlocks upon your head. The first place Rasta starts is within yourself, as a human being. And as you trod along in the journey of life and the more you recognize what life is all about and what you should be doing and how you should be living, you will start to carry yourself in the way you believe is right. So the more you try to find the Almighty the more you will start to carry yourself in a righteous manner. 

Reggae in China is relatively new, what advice would you have for a young artist in China trying to become a reggae singer or deejay?
I always have something to teach, because that is my job. The first thing I have to say to them is they have to take it seriously and they will have to want to do it. And whether there is success, financially or not, if you have to do it you have to do it, and make sure that when you do it, that it is something that is connecting with the people. And to truly know about reggae music, you have to come to Jamaica where you can get the feeling and see how it is done. Even though you can look on video and see how it’s done, you have to come to see it in Jamaica and see how it’s done practically. And I, as a Jamaican artist, I am ready to give, whether by sharing my views verbally our spiritually, or if they want to come to the studio and record, I will record with them. Because the father created me to share this music and I will keep doing it. So I hope that one day, someone from China will be the first China Deejay to come to Jamaica and mash up the place!

On October 17th, U Brown will perform live at Reggae Bar with sound systems The Rumpus and Heavy HK.

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A Nearby Summer Escaping Plan

The city has been rainy and wet for a month, and you wonder when is this going to end. When the rain stops, it’s time for the heat, and voilà, summer is here. It gets hot and humid in Hangzhou, but there are places nearby you can go to enjoy a cooler environment. These include the islands, mountains, lakes and rivers in or near Hangzhou, and the local water parks.

01 - TONGLU -
Luci Bay 桐庐-芦茨湾

Luci Village is situated on the bank of the Fuchun River and is located beside the Longmenwan Scenic Area in the south of the Yangtze River. The village of Luci has a beautiful landscape with a wealth of rural tourism attractions such as Luci Tutu and Yanlingwu Orchard. Luci Village has a long history and profound cultural heritage. This is the hometown of the late Tang poet Fang Gan. In the village of Luci, there are relatively complete ancient buildings such as Chengong Temple and Linggu Temple with historical and traditional features, ancient lanes, old bridges, and ancestral halls.

There are plenty of water entertainment projects to play. Pick a sunny weekend, bring your water gun and swimsuit, and go have a thrilling rafting or water skiing. If you don't want to go into the water, rent a bicycle to go around the lake, 50RMB for pedal boat for unlimited time, the price is very affordable. Or you can bring a small basket to dig bamboo shoots, pick some raspberries, wild vegetables and herbs. Take a bite on that ice cold watermelon, or ask for a cup of Luci black tea on the way to the mountain is also very good.

- TONGLU -
Yaolin Wonderland 桐庐-瑶琳仙境


During the Olympic season, visitors coming to the Yaolin caves can watch the live broadcast of the Games while cooling off in the caves. Yaolin Wonderland is a group of limestone caves formed by corrosion through the ages. With stalagmite and peak stones in fantastic shapes and colors as well as murmuring streams, pools and cliffs, its halls are interconnected with passages and chambers.

Yaolin Wonderland stretches 1km in depth and covers 28,000 sqm. It ranks second on the list of the newly developed natural scenic sports among the Forty Best Tourist Resorts in China. It was also awarded as one of the Ten Best Tourist Resorts in Zhejiang province.

In the spacious fourth to sixth halls of Yaolin Wonderland, 300-odd immortals from more than 20 myths and legends, such as Nuwa Patching the Skies and Houyi Shooting Down the Nine Suns, are displayed through lifelike modern audio-animatronics, complementing the beauty of the stalagmites in the other three halls of Yaolin Wonderland and adding a touch of mythology.

02 - DEQING -
Moganshan 德清-莫干山


Moganshan, part of China’s Moganshan National Park, about 1 hour by private car southwest of Shanghai, the lush mountain has long been the stomping ground of high-profile politicians (a list that once included Chairman Mao), foreign missionaries, Chinese gangsters, and well-heeled expats.

Thanks to its elite clientele and countryside appeal, the area has been dubbed the “Hamptons of China,” though visitors will have to trade a sandy coastline for rolling tea plantations and restored 19th-century mansions. Even without the beaches of Long Island, the draw is clear: It’s the kind of place where you can wander through tea plantations by day and sip French wines in a private cellar late into the evening. After a busy week of work in Hangzhou, where temperatures hover around 38 degrees in the summer, Moganshan provides cool mountain air and a blissfully wide-open itinerary.

There are a few places we recommend you to stay, simply search: Le Passage, naked Stables, Solvang Village Boutique on www.morehangzhou.com

03 - JIANDE -
Xin'an River 建德-新安江


Listed with the first group of national scenic spots ever adopted, the city of Jiande is described as a bright pearl along the golden tourist route from Zhejiang province to neighboring Anhui.

The Xin'an River attracts thousands of visitors from both home and abroad every year. Linking Yellow Mountain at its headwaters and Thousand-Island Lake at its lower reaches, the river winds among high mountains.

Due to its splendid landscapes, the river is renowned as a gallery where water meets mountains. Xin'an River is famous for its clear water - in summer or winter, its riverbed can be clearly seen. The temperature of the river remains 17 degrees through the whole year, and the fog on the river is also a wonder.

And forget to try the local specialty: Fish Head!

04 - LIN'AN -
West Zhejiang Grand Canyon 临安-浙西大峡谷


West Zhejiang Grand Canyon is located in the City of Lin'an in western Hangzhou. The canyon is one of the famed landscapes in western Zhexi. There are 4 main sightseeing areas: Jiamen Pass, White Horse Cliff, Zhelin Waterfall, and Laodui Brook.

From White Horse Cliff, you can see a landscape that includes waterfalls, brooks, and cliffs. At Jiamen Pass, you experience rafting or you can enjoy walking along trails through the canyon. At Zhelin Waterfall, you can see Yansheng Waterfall and Longmen Waterfall, the waters of which are exceptionally cool. An important feature of Laodui Brook is a display of cultural activities there.

- LIN'AN -
Qingshan Lake 临安-青山湖


Qingshan Lake is a manmade lake 4-5 kilometers to the east of Lin'an. Lined with metasequoia trees, the Lake makes a unique view. There is also a barbecue court and a small playing ground where you could go parachuting on the water. The best way to appreciate the views here is by boat. Tickets are available at Qinshan and Shenghe, two piers at the south bank of the Lake. You may board and alight at the same pier. There are two types of rides, with one taken on boats painted in the style of classic pleasure boats, and the other on yachts.

05 - LISHUI -
Songyang Ruoliao 丽水 - 松阳箬寮


Songyang County is located in the mountains of southwest Zhejiang and has over 1800 years of history. This is a famous city of provincial history. Historically, it was the economic center of Chuzhou (today's Lishui), and it has many historical relics, including the domestically and internationally famous Yanqing Temple Pagoda. The many cultural sites here also include the Huang Courtyard, the “Ming-Qing Neighborhood,” and the Xiongdi Jinshi (“Brothers Who Passed the Imperial Exam”) memorial gate.

The Ruoliao Primeval Forest is located in Songyang County. It is a small canyon between Lishui Mountain. The cool climate, dense vegetation accompanied by waterfalls and streams make the original forest a good place to escape the heat. The main thing here is to experience the farmhouse music, listen to the sound of the stream, breathe the fresh air and enjoy the fun of nature.

Shanghai’s Waste Classification Has Spawned A New Occupation

Lately, Shanghai citizens have been busy learning how to sort their garbage.

Overnight, all the garbage bins in Shanghai's major residential complexes disappeared! Residents can now only dispose of their garbage at designated garbage disposal points which are locked up during most of the day.

Each resident will be allocated with a time to dump their waste and a designated station within their vicinity, where they can sort garbage into bins.

The daily time for garbage disposal is regulated:
7am - 9am
6pm – 8pm

(Slightly different for different places)

Garbage must be sorted, otherwise the penalty will be between 50RMB-200RMB.

After the garbage bins were removed, some residents took garbage to work, some dumped them on the street late at night.

"On July 28, 2018, the garbage bins were removed. Although there was a lot of publicity previously (to educate the residents), the complex was like a big garbage dump the day after." Shi Jingjing, secretary of the party branch of the Fushi residential area in Minhang District, Shanghai, recalled, “After the garbage bins were removed and the designated garbage bins put in place, most residents, especially the elderly, found it easier to sort their garbage." Shi Jingjing said, "But some of the young people do not follow the waste classification rules. Some people throw garbage into the street trash can outside the complex. Some people take the garbage with them to throw in the garbage bins where they work.”

“In the vicinity of street shops, there will be a lot of unsorted overnight garbage in the morning.” said Wang Junxiong, head of the business department of Shanghai Jiangchuan Environmental Sanitation Comprehensive Service Co., Ltd. “The urban management, law enforcement, and other departments have their off-duty hours, some merchants would throw the unsorted garbage on the street in the evening. Even if they were discovered, the punishment is not hard enough.” In some communities, in order to find the owner of the ownerless garbage that was thrown away, the residents’ committee officials even went through the garbage to look for clues.

Garbage Disposal Service!

So some “smart” people have developed a new business:
Garbage disposal!

Ms. Chen said she goes out early and comes home late every day. Garbage disposal is scheduled at certain times of the day, which gives her a headache. After all, some people are busy.

Fortunately, some people started to provide garbage disposal services at the complex where she lives. She only needs to leave the sorted garbage at her door. At 9am every day, someone will come to take them to the designated garbage disposal point. The cost is 1RMB each time and 30RMB a month.

Waste sorting is just beginning. It will be a long journey for a big country like China. Apart from enhancing garbage storage sites, local environmental agencies are aiming to resolve garbage overflow in the districts of Jing’an, Changning, Yangpu, Fengxian, Songjiang and Chongming by the end of 2018. Other districts will follow suit next year, and it is expected that a fully conceived national system - including the enforcement of garbage fees - will be in place by 2020.

Your Latest Bus Guide to Xiaoshan & Pudong Airports

Starting from June 21st, the Yellow Dragon Stadium Station will no longer operate. There will be two locations where you can get a bus to Shanghai Pudong Airport. The journey takes about 3.5 hours and the ticket cost is 120RMB. Here are the details:

To Shanghai Pudong Airport
上海浦东机场大巴


From Wulinmen
武林门民航售票处

(390 Tiyuchang Road体育场路390号)

5:30am, 6:10am, 7am, 8am, 9am, 10am, 11am, 12pm, 1pm, 2pm, 3pm, 3:50pm, 4:30pm, 5:30pm

From Hangzhou East Train Station
杭州火车东站


5:55am, 6:45am, 7:35am, 8:35am, 9:35am, 10:35am, 11:35am, 12:35pm, 1:35pm, 2:35pm, 3:35pm, 4:25pm, 5:05pm, 6:05pm

We also collected information for how to get to Xiaoshan Airport. Here are the details:

Bus to Xiaoshan Airport
萧山机场大巴


From Wulinmen
武林门民航售票处

(390 Tiyuchang Road体育场路390号)

Stops at: Bus station at the junction of Pinghai Road and Yuewang Road 平海路岳王路口公交车站 (You can purchase your ticket at: 平海路杭州市职工国际旅行社内)

First bus: 5am
Last bus: 9pm
Every 15 minutes from 5am to 5pm.
Every 30 minutes from 5pm to 9pm.

From Chengzhan Train Station
城站火车站


Inside of Chengzhan Train Station Bus Station 城站火车站汽车客运站内.
Add: 12-8 East Huancheng Road 环城东路12-8号

First bus: 5am
Last bus: 9pm
Every 30 minutes.

From Xiasha
下沙


Hangzhou Eastern International Business Center, South Haida Road 海达南路杭州东部国际商务中心
Stops at:  Shengtai Kaiyuan Mingdu Hotel 盛泰开元名都酒店

7:15am, 9:30am, 10:30am, 12:10pm, 1:40pm, 3:10pm, 4:30pm, 6:15pm

From Hangzhou East Train Station
火车东站


Every 30 minutes from 5:30am from 9am.
Every 15 minutes from 9am to 9pm.

From Binjiang
滨江


Overseas Business Park, 368 Liuhe Road 六和路368号海外创业园
Stops at:  Ramada Plaza Riverside Hangzhou (华美达大酒店), and Jiangling Road Subway Station (江陵路地铁站)

6am, 7:30am, 8:30am, 9:30am, 10am, 11:20am, 12:30pm, 1:40pm, 2:50pm, 4pm, 5:20pm, 6:40pm

From Future Science and Technology City
未来科技城


Hangzhou Future Science and Technology City Overseas High-Level Talents Innovation Park杭州未来科技城海创园

6:40am, 7:35am, 8:40am, 9:25am, 10:20am, 11:10am, 12:30pm, 1:20pm, 2:20pm, 3:20pm,  4:20pm, 5:25pm, 5:55pm, 6:40pm

From Xixi Wetland
西溪湿地


Longshezui, Xixi Wetland 杭州市西溪湿地龙舌嘴

8am, 10am, 12:20pm, 3:30pm

From Lake View Hotel
望湖宾馆


2 West Huancheng Road 环城西路2号

9am, 11am, 1:20pm, 4:30pm

From Hangzhou Terminal
杭州客运中心

(3339 East Desheng Rd. Jiubao Town 九堡镇德胜东路3339号)

6:40am, 7:40am, 8:45am, 8:50am, 9:10am, 9:40am, 10:10am, 10:40am, 11:20am, 12:10pm, 12:50pm, 1:30pm, 2:05pm, 2:35pm, 3:20pm, 4pm, 4:35pm, 5:10pm, 5:50pm, 6:30pm, 7:10pm, 7:40pm, 8:20pm, 8:55pm

From Hangzhou North Bus Station
杭州长途汽车北站

(766 Moganshan Road 莫干山路766号)

5:15am, 6am, 6:45am, 7:40am, 8:10am, 8:40am, 9:20am, 10am, 10:40am, 11:30am, 12:10pm, 12:40pm, 1:20pm, 1:45pm, 2:30pm, 3:10pm, 3:50pm, 4:20pm, 5pm, 5:40pm, 6:20pm, 7pm, 7:40pm, 8:20pm, 9pm, 9:40pm, 10:10pm

From Hangzhou South Bus Station
杭州长途汽车南站

(407 Qiutao Road 秋涛路407号)

6:20am, 7:20am, 8:20am, 9:20am, 10:30am, 11:30am, 12:30pm, 1:30pm, 2:20pm, 3:30pm, 4:30pm, 5:30pm, 6:30pm, 7:30pm, 8:30pm, 9:10pm

From Hangzhou West Bus Station
杭州长途汽车西站

(357 Tianmushan Road  天目山路357号)

6:20am, 7:20am, 8:20am, 9:20am, 10:30am, 11:30am, 12:30pm, 1:30pm, 2:20pm, 3:30pm, 4:30pm, 5:30pm, 6:30pm, 7:30pm, 8:30pm, 9:10pm

We recommend you this platform to book your bus ticket. Not only can you buy tickets for the airport shuttle bus, but also to other cities as well. You can use your passport to purchase tickets.

To Come Back from Xiaoshan Airport

The shuttle buses of Hangzhou Airport usually take an hour to the city center and around 50 minutes to Xiaoshan District. To buy tickets, go to Gate 14, Arrival Hall, on the first floor of the domestic terminal.

China is Getting Serious about Waste Classification

China has been making efforts on waste sorting or waste recycling for decades, but there are still many problems yet to be solved. Eight cities including Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing and Hangzhou were considered national pilot cities for garbage sorting in 1998. Twenty years on, their efforts have not achieved the desired results. According to the People's Daily, the failure of garbage classification was due to three reasons: a lack of awareness from residents, misconduct from garbage workers and insufficient financial support.

According to a survey released by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment research center, 63.7 percent of people surveyed believe that the reason why they fail to sort the garbage is due to the lack of classified waste bins in their residential communities. 59.6 percent of people blame their behavior on the failure of city garbage disposal services, which mix all garbage together, leading people to think that there's no point in sorting.

Other reasons include that the residents don't know how to sort; they have no sense of accomplishment; they think sorting is complicated, exhausting and few people around them do it.

First Penalty in Hangzhou for Garbage Classification

On May 30th, 2019, Hangzhou Jianggan District officially imposed penalties for the classification of personal waste.

On the morning of May 30, Mr. Zhang, who lives in Caihe Street in Jianggan District, signed his name on the “Administrative Punishment Decision”. Jianggan District City Management Office fined Mr. Zhang for 50RMB because the garbage was misplaced.

Mr. Zhang became the first person in Hangzhou who was not properly sorting garbage and was subject to administrative punishment.

Shanghai Will Be the First City to Enforce Garbage Classification

Yes, starting from July 1st, 2019, Garbage Classification will be officially implemented in Shanghai!

Shanghai is going to be the pioneer city for waste sorting and recycling, which makes it the first city in China to publish harsh regulations on garbage sorting and recycling. The government has put out a list of categories for sorting waste including recyclable, hazardous, wet and dry. It also specified the punishments for individuals and companies that break the rules.

Fines for individual mixed garbage will be up to 200RMB

Fines for companies, organizations, and complex mixing of garbage will be up to 50,000RMB

For individuals, authorities will fine a maximum of 200RMB (about 29 U.S. dollars) for mixing the garbage, while companies and organizations that are in charge of garbage sorting, transporting, processing and management will be fined a maximum 50,000RMB (about 72,357 U.S. dollars).

The regulation will come into effect on July 1 and was passed by the people's congress of Shanghai municipal city on January 31, 2018.

Garbage Classification

Basically divided into four categories: Hazardous Waste, Recyclable Waste, Household Food Waste, and Residual Waste. Check out the colours and Chinese below:

These four categories are the major ones. How do we distinguish them? We explain each category for you, let’s start with Recyclable Waste.

Recyclable Waste
可回收垃圾


Paper, plastic, scrap metal, glass bottles & containers, magazines, books & cardboard, clothes, fabric, toys, take-out or food delivery packaging

This is where your plastic bottles and containers go, unless they are dirty and can’t be cleaned, in which case, they go in the Residual Waste (干垃圾) bin. Pour out the liquid before you throw your drink bottles or food containers away. Rinse them with water and squash them. You’re doing the sanitation workers a huge favor by reducing the size and weight, and giving them a bit of dignity.

Cosmetic brands such as Kiehl's, Origins, M.A.C, Shiseido, and Innisfree can take your returned containers and reward you with small samples and membership points.

Household Food Waste
湿垃圾


Food waste, expired food, shells & husk, dead plants, Chinese medicine

Anything type of food waste belongs in this category. The chicken bones from last night, the shells from your favourite spicy crayfish, shrimp, or crab, the plant you bought three months ago and is now dead, grape skin, fruit peels… but leftover milk or yogurt should be poured directly into your sink.

Most organic food waste belongs here, except things that are hard to break down, like big bones and coconut shells, which go in the Residual Waste (干垃圾) bin. Remember to remove the plastic from anything you put in these bins.

Residual Waste
干垃圾


Anything else goes to Residual Waste.

Bottles or cans that are dirty and can’t be cleaned should go in the Residual Waste (干垃圾) bin. Things like face mask packaging, nail polish bottles, cotton sticks, toothbrushes, towels, used tissues, tampons, diapers, cigarette butts, plant pots, plastic wrap, yogurt or milk bottles (you need to empty the bottle first). Clean food packaging goes to Recyclable, dirty and used packaging goes to Residual Waste.

Waimai containers are incredibly hard to recycle, even the paper-based ones. These containers are often lined with polyethylene and tainted with food residue so they are very unpopular among garbage collectors -- it’s not worth their effort to wash them or separate the liners. The same goes for disposable coffee cups. This is a problem.

So here are the four steps we suggest you do. First, separate the clean paper/plastics and dirty containers. Leftover food →Household Food Waste Bin (湿垃圾); dirty containers →Residual Waste (干垃圾) bin; Clean bags → Recyclable (可回收物) bin.

Hazardous Waste
有害垃圾


Used batteries (rechargeable batteries, button batteries, batteries), paint cans, waste lamp, paint buckets, pesticides (there are residues that need to be sealed in advance and then disposed of), expired or discarded drugs, and other hazardous materials.

In newer residential areas, they are usually right next to the other bins, in red or with a red label. If you don’t have one in your neighborhood, talk to your local neighborhood management about options for disposal. That’s kind of mafan but we all need to do the best we can.

If you are wondering how many garbage bags you should have at home to handle daily waste, we have an idea for you to try.

More Options for Recyclable Waste

For books, Duozhuayu (多抓鱼) is great for selling and buying second-hand books. Funded by Tencent, Duozhuayu has a system that verifies and estimates the value of your books, and they will collect the books from you free of charge.

For clothes, take them back to the store, or take them to H&M. Clothing shops Uniqlo, H&M, and Zara all provide recycling services for used clothes from their own shops; H&M even accepts clothes from other brands.

Social enterprise Feimayi (飞蚂蚁) is at the forefront of online textile recycling in China and provides a free collection service for more than five kg of clothes. Also funded by Tencent, like Duozhuayu, it’s accessible via desktop and WeChat mini-program. Find the QR code by scrolling down on their website. Basic Chinese is needed to navigate the app and fill out the form.

Aihuishou (爱回收) is China’s largest platform for recycling and selling second-hand electronics. They have offline stores in shopping malls throughout the city.

Xianyu (闲鱼) is Taobao’s second-hand marketplace. Although not desktop-friendly, you can sell almost anything there. The platform is super active due to its sheer size. There is an amazing, incredible, wonderfully efficient and hugely profitable Buy & Sell section here.

Green Initiatives offers transparent waste management for e-waste, paper, and textile waste. They also have recycling bins at URBN hotel, Element Fresh, and many other private and public collection points around Shanghai. For home pick up, Feibao, a social enterprise that works with Green Iniatitives offers recycling service through WeChat.

Top 12 Great Summer Cocktails to Make at Home

The summer has finally hit us, and what beats a cold refreshing drink after work? We are going to teach you to make a few great cocktails. They are easy to do, and you can make them for your weekend home party, or to just please yourself after work. They are refreshing, tasty, and more important, they are easy to make. Everyone can be a bartender now.

However, before we go on to the drinks, here are a few things you need to prepare to be ready to start:

Stainless Steel Cocktail Shaker Set
To make these drinks, you need to gear up your home bar, here is the basic set that can get you started.

Simple Syrup
To make sugar syrup simply bring the sugar and water to a boil until the sugar has dissolved, the proportion is 1:1. Put aside to cool.

Fresh Lemon Juice
Take 5-6 lemons to make the juice, and store in a bottle or glass that can be sealed. You can always use it, it’s very convenient.

Now let’s get your gear ready, shake, stir, and enjoy!

01 Vodka Based

Basil Ginger Drop
Serves 2


If you have been to Shanghai Citizen in Shanghai, you will never forget this drink, it got so famous because of its freshness and taste, and it’s really easy to make. Here we go.

Ingredients
100ml vodka
60ml lemon juice
5mm / 0.2in of a knob of ginger – peeled and finely grated
4 basil sprigs – leaves only
40ml simple syrup* or 30ml agave nectar
6 ice cubes

Instructions
Take 2 martini glasses and moisten their rim with the lemon wedge. Put the sugar on a small plate and gently roll the rim of the glass in it in order to cover the rim in sugar. Add the vodka, lemon juice, grated ginger, basil leaves and sugar syrup/agave nectar to your blender and blend until the basil has dissolved. Add the ice cubes to your mixture and blend until the ice cubes have dissolved. Pour into the sugar-rimmed martini glasses. Decorate with a basil sprig.

Grapefruit Moscow Mule 
Serves 2


Moscow Mule is one of my favourite drinks, especially in summer time, the ginger flavour mixed with lemon, it’s so good, in this recipe, we will add some grapefruit.

Ingredients
180ml fresh squeezed grapefruit juice
90ml vodka
180ml ginger beer
grapefruit wedges, for garnish

Instructions
Pour grapefruit juice and vodka over ice. Top off glass with ginger beer, approximately 3 ounces per drink. Serve with grapefruit wedge.

02 Gin Based

Elderflower & Earl Grey Gin Fizz
Serves 2


This light and refreshing gin fizz provides a sweet but dry flavor, complemented by zingy citrus notes. The Elderflower & Earl Grey Gin Fizz recipe is as simple as it is delicious.

Ingredients
70ml Earl Grey infused Tanqueray Gin
50ml Lemon juice
30ml Elderflower syrup
30ml Simple syrup
Soda to top

Instructions
Shake up the Earl Grey infused Tanqueray, lemon juice, Elderflower syrup and simple syrup in a cocktail shaker. Pour leisurely over ice in a cut glass highball, and strain soda over to fill to the top. Garnish with two folded lemon wheels & mint sprig.

Bee’s Knees
Serves 2


Why isn’t this Prohibition-era recipe, a brilliant combination of gin and honey, more widely known? It’s delicious.

Ingredients
100ml gin
20ml runny honey (use the best you can, its flavour will shine)
10ml water
30ml fresh lemon juice

Instructions
Stir the honey into the water until dissolved to make a syrup. Pour into a cocktail shaker with the gin, lemon juice and a couple of ice cubes. Shake and strain into a cocktail glass.

03 Rum Based

The Painkiller 
 Serves 1 

Ingredients
60ml dark rum
120ml pineapple juice
30ml orange juice
30ml sweetened coconut cream (I used Coco Lopez)
5 ice cubes
freshly grated nutmeg
slice of lime, for garnish

Instructions
In a cocktail shaker, combine rum, pineapple juice, orange juice, coconut cream and 3 ice cubes. Shake for about 10 seconds and pour in a tall glass. Add additional ice cubes to the glass and top with freshly grated nutmeg. Garnish with slice of lime & a cocktail umbrella.

Mango Daiquiri
Serves 2


Ingredients
90ml white rum
50ml lime juice
30ml sugar syrup
mango (preferably fresh)

Instructions
Add a small scoop of ice to the blender. Add remaining ingredients. Blend for approximately 30 seconds. Pour into a cocktail glass.

04 Tequila Based

Frida
Serves 2


Ingredients
90ml tanteo jalapeño-infused tequila
120ml of watermelon purée (purée pieces of watermelon in blender)
30ml fresh lime juice
45ml simple syrup

Instructions
Combine all ingredients in a cocktail shaker. Shake and strain into a glass, garnish with lime, and serve.

Jalapeño Margarita
Serves 1


Put a spring in your step with this kick-in-the-pants Jalapeño Margarita recipe. The fresh lime juice will have you puckering up and, combined with triple sec and tequila, this spicy, savory and surprising margarita is guaranteed to bring the fire to your fiesta.

Ingredients
lime and kosher salt, to rim glass
2 cups ice cubes
90ml sweet and sour mix
45ml tequila
30ml triple sec
1 tbsp fresh lime juice
½-inch piece of fresh jalapeño, remove seeds and slice
slices of jalapeños, for garnish

Instructions
Moisten the rim of a margarita glass with lime and dip glass into kosher salt to coat rim. In a blender, combine ice cubes, Sweet and Sour Mix, tequila, triple sec, lime juice and 1/4-inch piece of fresh jalapeño. Blend until smooth. Pour into prepared glass and garnish with jalapeño slice.

05 Whiskey Based

Aspen Crud
Serves 1


Ingredients
5 scoops French vanilla ice cream
90ml bourbon

Instructions
Combine ingredients and blend together to create a boozy milkshake.

Blackberry Bourbon Smash
Serves 2


Ingredients
120ml bourbon
30ml lime juice, or 2 lime wedges, squeezed
12-14 mint leaves, muddled
4-6 blackberries, muddled
45ml simple syrup (1 tablespoon of sugar will do)
60ml club soda
2 cups of ice

Instructions
In a Boston shaker, combine mint leaves, lime wedges and blackberries. Muddle until pulverized. Add bourbon, ice, and simple syrup and shake vigorously for 10 seconds. Pour full contents into a rocks glass (no straining) and top with club soda. Stir and garnish with mint leaves and blackberry.

06 Wine Based

Watermelon Sangria
Serves 2


Ingredients
4 cups cubed watermelon
1750ml bottle moscato
1 cup rum
juice of 4 limes
zest of 2 limes
1 tbsp sugar
lime slices, for garnish

Instructions
In a blender combine watermelon, moscato, rum, lime juice and zest, and sugar and blend until smooth. Refrigerate until chilled. Garnish glasses with lime slices and serve.

Raspberry Limoncello Prosecco
Serves 2


It’s wonderfully refreshing and sweet with all that bubbly goodness. You can also toss in some frozen raspberries or strawberries for that elegant touch – either way, these cocktails go perfectly for a summer party or an added bonus to get you through the week. And we promise you – we won’t judge you if you start sipping on this at 10AM!

Ingredients
3 cups prosecco, chilled
1 cup limoncello liqueur, chilled
1 cup frozen raspberries
6 sprigs fresh mint

Instructions
In a large pitcher, whisk together Prosecco and Limoncello. Serve over raspberries, garnished with mint, if desired.

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