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MORE Magazine’s Seasonal Lexicontamination
By Jack Cameron

A – in no way snarky – Guide to the Words Yule Need this Holiday Season

adoration: (1) The state or condition of adoring, which is more or less like a state or condition or loving, but with antiseptic properties, the aroma of white linen, and the taste of weak, warm chamomile tea; (2) an unspecific expanse of time, e.g., “I’ve been waiting for quite adoration to get my 12-piece McNuggets.”

angel: (1) A mythical being, possibly of either sex or ungendered, found or claimed to be common enough in heaven, hospitals, and on battle fields, but found chiefly in Victoria’s Secrets advertisements, catwalks, and the tabletops of strip-clubs; (2) the name of approximately one-in-14,000 Chinese girls born between 1980 and 1990. The former are often responsible for annunciations and are known to be present in delusions, while one-in-six of the latter are often totally irresponsible and thoroughly delusional with respect to the aptness of their name.

annunciation: (1) Notice of something too important for a text or Tweet, although rumors abound that Gabriel has followed the Supreme Pontiff’s lead and opened a WeChat; the word refers most often to an event requiring polished shoes and shirts with collars, and possibly an RSVP; (2) the wafer-thin neutral ground between pronunciation and connunciation, or it would be if there were such things as connunciations, which we think there should be.

baby: (1) The ultimate fashion accessory; (2) palpable, audible, and too often unfragrant evidence that one or both of the parties responsible for its manufacture have very bad luck, or else have lost hope in a fulfilling and rewarding future of independent self-actualization. When the baby is claimed to have divine parentage none of the foregoing applies, but chances are the cards are stacked against the kid and that things won’t end well for him or her, especially her.

bells: Even when on bobtails ringing, they toll for thee.

candle: Life, it once was said, is a game not worth one; and since the original was in French and quoted approvingly by Schopenhauer - Le jeu ne vaut pas la chandelle - who the hell are we to disagree, oui?

carolling: (1) Semi-musical harassment by people whose wardrobe comes exclusively from L.L. Bean and revere Garrison Keillor as divine erotica; (2) musical semi-harassment by gangs of apprentice stalkers. Why did this ever seem to be a good idea to anyone? (3) very likely the name of at least 160,000 Chinese women who either lack Anglophone friends, or whose Anglophone friends lack honesty; (4) what one does with Carol in private but wouldn’t talk about to anyone who knows her personally.

choir: (1) An intentional assemblage of aspirant soloists, each with too much free time on his or her hands and more than likely a terrible sex-life, and generally performing ensemble under the attempted direction of someone who cannot sing but has a large collection of Hummel figures; (2) in some English topolects, a synonym for the verb ‘to get’, e.g., “I’m hopin’ to choir some new Realtree camouflage for this sears wile pig hunt.”

December: (1) The last month you’ll ever need, even if you don’t deserve it; (2) the punctuation mark in an 11-month custodial sentence, typically an exclamation point or interrobang; (3) a thirty-day farce that began last December 31st with a 48-hour satyr play and follows upon a 48-week long tragedy.

driedel: If you have to ask, you’ll never get it.

elf (pl. ‘elves’): Before gaige kaifang (改革开放, “reform-and-opening-up”) the world’s leading manufacturers of toys. But that’s a thing of the past, now isn’t it? Note, too, that the Claymation elves of Rankin-Bass (Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer) look nothing like those in Lord of the Rings. There’s no freakin’ way Arroyn would be hunched over an assembly-line workstation in the sub-zero arctic assembling toys. So when did elves drop-out of the blue-collar semi-skilled labor force and become buff and hot?

eve: Short for ‘evening’, which itself is always either too long or too short. Note, not all evenings are correctly referred to as ‘eves,’ and when one is, rest assured it is going to be expensive.

Frankincense: A short-lived perfume by the people who created Boo-Berry and Count Chockula; (2) referring to nearly miraculous powers possessed by some Franks in respect to situations in which the honesty or credibility of one's intentions are in doubt, or where outcomes are uncertain, conjectural, or indeterminate; thus the word is followed by phrases like "when a fella's bluffin", "when it’s gonna rain like hell", and "if the fish are biting’."

festive: (1) requiring medical attention and antibiotics; (2) used to describe the atmosphere at an obligatory holiday event that nobody truly enjoyed. See also ‘seasonal.’

Feliz navidad: (1) How a large part of the BRIC says joyeux noel; (2) the title of a song, prolonged exposure to which may induce seizure activity and homicidal ideations.

garland: What every pipe cleaner wants to be when it grows up. The ubiquitous presence of these tinsel boas serves to constrict one’s ability to ignore holiday obligations, but we have yet to find one strong enough to use as a hangman’s noose or garrote. See also ‘tinsel.’

gift: Occasionally a genuine token of appreciation, esteem, or affection, bestowed kenotically and with pure intentions by one sentient being upon another, for the express purpose of causing joy or delight. More typically a ‘gift’ is a down-payment, fee, fine, form of tribute, wergild, or revenge, but with nicer wrapping than usual for these sorts of things. When in the form of a horse, it should under no circumstances be subjected to oral examination; when in the form of an oral examination, it should under no circumstances leave either party hoarse.

hark: Colloquial Angelese for, “Yo! Listen the fuck up!” But then again, the word is always colloquial in Angelese, and in Angelese only. For anyone other than a native-speaking Angelphone to use the word is just plain weird. See also ‘silent’ and ‘quiet’.

Hanukah: A much more sensible tradition based on a much more credible story, but, like, nowhere near as fun as its gentile counterpart. Kugel isn’t that good.

Ho ho ho: Why the KTV was very very very expensive.

holiday: Literally holy day, although very few holidays have anything holy about them anymore. Thank god. ‘Holiday’ is generally translated into Chinese as jie or jie ri (节, 节日), which is itself often translated into English as ‘festival.’ The semantic extension of ‘festival,’ however, does not overlap exactly with that of the word ‘holiday’, viz., there might be a festival in the absence of a holiday, and not every holiday is a festival or consists of distinctly festive aspects. Fair enough. (See also ‘festive’.) ‘Festival’ has its origins in the word feast, and although neither all holidays nor all festivals traditionally require or actually result in feasts, that can’t be helped. The allied etymologies make the phase holiday feast sort of redundant, but the phrase “It is a very festive holiday full of feasting and festivities” is intelligible, if repellent. See also ‘holy.’

holy: “Is something holy because it is loved by the gods, or, do the gods love something because it is holy?” With this question thus did Socrates torture poor young Euthyphro on the archon’s porch – though the former sure got his comeuppance, didn’t he? The word describes something amenable to or capable of being subject to desecration – viz.

If it cannot be desecrated, then it is not holy;
It is holy. ------------------------------------------
Therefore: It can be desecrated.

Note however, that the syllogism…

If it is holy, it can be desecrated;
It is not holy. ----------------------------------------------
Therefore: It cannot be desecrated.

…is strictly speaking invalid, having commit the fallacy of denying the antecedent, and one should never, ever deny one’s antecedents, whatever precedent they might have inadvertently set. So what, then, is the true nature of the holy? We might advance upon an answer of sorts by observing that this adjective is most commonly appended to vulgar synonyms for faeces and fornication, and thereby used to express surprise or shock. Draw your own conclusions.

holly: What any self-respecting cactus would prefer to be, if it could.

immaculate: Cleaner than you could possibly conceive.

jolly: Used to describe someone who is good-natured, prone to laughter, and on the chubby side. No one with washboard abs or anorexia was ever described as ‘jolly.’ See also ‘merry.’

k: The eleventh letter in the English alphabet; when appearing after an ‘o’, it expresses agreement, affirmation, capitulation, or resignation; when appearing before an ‘o’, it expresses sudden and acute incapacitation; when following any number larger than ‘0’, an indication of a remuneration aspiration; when it appears on its own, it is special.

Kwanza: Multiculturalism’s finest brain tumor, well-intentioned but non-benign.

list: He’s making one, and checking it twice – see also ‘Schindler, Oskar’

love: For some, the ruling Force or Power in the universe; for the rest of us, the root of the trade in blood diamonds and the leading cause of divorce.

magi: Plural of ‘magus,’ which shares roots with ‘magic’ and hence ‘magician’; in the context of Bethlehem, it refers specifically to a trio of wise men who followed a star to a barn in order to dole-out hard-currency, incense, and body lotion to the kid of a couple they didn’t even know. Just try that today. (2) the variant ‘Magii’ is sometimes used as the plural form for “two Maggies”, though in our experience one Maggie at any one time is more than enough to deal with.

manger: One who is in charg, like a supervior; noun form of the verb to mange.

merry: Something one makes, apparently. See also ‘jolly.’

messiah: Superman, Batman, Spiderman, James Bond, Gandhi, and Will Smith all rolled into one para-apocalyptic musical masterpiece that eventually becomes tedious and lacking in credibility.

mistletoe: One of two well-known and proven herbal excuses for kissing a complete stranger, and not the one we prefer. In the holiday context, an essential part of a creepy tradition that allows Party A to plant one on Party B just because s/he had the misfortune of standing beneath a species of poisonous plant at a party. “But there was mistletoe overhead!” is not known to be an acceptable defense against charges of frottage or sexual assault.

newborn: (1) The first installment on a lifetime of obligation; (2) the preface to a book that’s better to read than to write oneself – see also ‘baby’ and ‘sleep-deprivation.’

North Pole: According to Comet and Cupid, used by Dancers – as well as Prancers and Vixens.

O: come all ye faithful [Ed.]

ornament: The opposite of necessity, though the precise definition depends entirely on your hood. Ornaments are to staples what chocolate is to nutrition, hence their much-deserved popularity.

poinsettia: Species of hunting dog popular south of the Mason-Dixon line.

present: (1) Not yet, and not-yet historical; (2) now; (3) when used as a verb, a polite way of saying “Whip it out!” as in, “Please present your passport and boarding card for inspection.” See also ‘gift.’

quiet: (1) When all is calm, or, when someone’s not too bright or, is very bright but just bored; (2) the correct immediate response to ‘hark.’ See also ‘silent.’

resolution (New Year’s): (1) The last-minute rationale for much New Year’s Eve dissolution and gratuitous self-pollution; (2) elevated aspirations generally contemplated in the light of chronic self-deprecations.

return policy: After cash, the only gift you ever need.

ribbon: What your friends will give you for your shite wrapping – or shit rapping.

rum-pa-tum-tum: The family-values version of Bang a gong/get it on, this was apparently an acceptable form of currency in Roman-occupied Palestine. Note however that playing a rum-pa-tum-tum on your drum is nowadays not quite the gift it once was, and will rarely make friends and influence people in the way a bottle of Johnny Walker Blue Label or a carton of Chunghwa cigarettes will (unless, of course, you are responding to an annunciation). No drum? Not to worry. There’s an app for that.

SAD: Abbreviation for Seasonal Affective Disorder, which was added to the DSM-III(R) when really insightful graduate students at Harvard Medical School noticed that acute onset but non-comorbid depression seems to afflict a number of otherwise healthy people in northern climes during the month of December, particularly those stupid enough to live year-round in northern climes and who for that reason tend to lack sufficient exposure to sunlight during winter months, and who for unrelated reasons have had more than sufficient exposure to the reality that the holidays can suck.

seasonal: (1) Adjective referring mainly to qualities, properties, or features of non-durable consumer goods that you neither missed nor needed one month earlier and will neither need nor miss one month hence, for which reason you probably shouldn’t get too excited about them in the first place. If eggnog and gingerbread were really that good we’d be taking them in our coolers to the beach, but we don’t now do we? (2) adjective describing the predictably recurrent but ephemeral, and the dust-collecting. See also ‘holiday.’

silent: Similar to quiet, but quieter. The idea of “silent night” (nox silens), in these latitudes, somehow became ping’an jie (平安节), “Peaceful-Night Festival,” which, on the face of it, seems like a nice gesture to Joe, Mary, the miracle baby, and to all parties who hold The Birthday in especial reverence. Fact is, ping’an jie is one of Middle Earth’s biggest piss-up nights of the year; swaddling clothes, benumbed stable beasts, and the fulfillment of messianic prophecies ain’t got nothing to do with this jie, which has about as much ping and an as the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue has sports. Book your tables in advance, and make sure your employer is giving you the 26th off so ye merry gentlemen (and women) can rest -- dismayed or otherwise. Silent, my ass. In metro-China wise men and virgins alike will be running with the bulls, and a few lions lying with not so silent lambs, and lying to all of them.

stockings: Articles of clothing which, for the young, are hung from the chimney with care, hopeful that one will awake on the morning of the 25th of December to find them stuffed with goodies; for adults, articles of clothing clumsily clutched at or teased-off with toes the night of the 24th of December, mindless or heedless of the fact that - sometime around noon on the 25th - you’ll probably want to find both of them and fly up the chimney before s/he awakes.

tinsel: (1) Singularly responsible for more chronic and terminal respiratory failure among quality vacuum cleaners than any other object in the known universe, except possibly for pine needles; (2) silvery material generally made of non-fibrous textiles and used to further humiliate once proud Douglas Firs and other conifers which were minding their own business before they were murdered by a redneck with a chainsaw to satisfy the quixotic pagan winter whims of gentile and Jew alike; (3) anything cheap used to gild a dying lily.

upon: A curious word, the existence of which is owed to the fact that ‘on’ simply wasn’t good enough for some people, who, being petty and never satisfied with what they had, began clamoring about the need to be able to describe in one fell swoop how a thing is both up and on another thing at the same time, viz., “The star is not just on the top of the tree, it is up on the top of the tree.” As if Down on the top of the tree would make any sense at all. And so, without permission to do so, a number of otherwise sensible folks began to stick ‘up’ next to ‘on’; and since dissent was minimal, they got away with it.

But were they satisfied with that? No. Before long they then began to complain about the space between the up and the on, insisting that it was simply too much to bear; viz.,

A: There, are you happy now? I have put a star up on the top of the tree!

B: Well that’s fine and good; but what do you intend to do about that gap between ‘up’ and ‘on’? I don’t like the way it looks, and we’re expecting guests. Fix it.

Why that should have been the case is anybody’s guess, although it is true that Nature abhors a vacuum and that some publishers pay by the word; and so with a removal of the vacuity between ‘up’ and ‘on’ Nature and publishers got their way. As they usually do. We have been living with the consequences of this ever since, but no one seems to care.

Vatican (City): Europe’s smallest independent state of denial.

White Christmas: (1) “Thank you for flying Bogota Airlines. We hope you have a pleasant destination, and wish you a safe journey to your final trip;” (2) ardently desired by children and by anyone who has never needed to operate a snowblower at 5 a.m. in pajamas, or go over the river and through the woods to grandmother’s house in an old Datsun with bald tires and no rear-window de-icer.

wreath: a symbolic display of amputated vegetable matter that shows in miniature how the circle of life starts to look unpleasant and smell funny after a few weeks’ worth of exposure to life.

Xerox: The name of the machine you defaced and assaulted with your bare buttocks while drunk at the office Christmas party where you subsequently lost consciousness and your co-workers’ respect. [Ed.]

Yule: The first part of a spoken command, prediction, or threat, and most often followed by with words “just have to get used to it”, “love it, trust me”, and “be sorry”.

Z: (1) the 26th and final letter of any halfway-decent alphabet; (2) in the plural, colloquial for sleep – but always and only in the plural. How a single letter can have a plural form is beyond us; but like it or not no one ever talks about “catching a Z” or “needing a Z,” even when it might make perfect sense to do so – e.g.:

- intern: Oh, man. I’m dead tired. I need to catch some Z’s before I crash.

- doctor: I’m afraid there’s no time for that; but I’ll let you have one Z right after we finish this appendectomy. Just one and you’ll owe me big-time.

(3) entities that elude children, both naughty and nice, on the evening of the 24th of December, excited as they are about the prospect of a nocturnal visitation by an obese senior citizen with a ratty beard and sack full of electronic goods; (4) entities forsaken freely by adults, both naughty and nice, in their annual pursuit of comfort and joy, comfort and joy.

zymurgy: The process by which yeast breaks down sugars to make alcohol, and by extension, the holidays, tolerable for those unfortunate enough to have to spend it with their families. [Ed.]

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Do You Know How Much Urine is in the Swimming Pools?

The weather is getting hotter and hotter, what beats escaping the summer heat with a refreshing splash in the pool?

But have you ever thought of a question: How much urine is there in the pool?

Let’s talk about that today.

Blogger Mark Rober spoke with a couple of scientists to find out the average amount of pee in a swimming pool. The giveaway is the amount of artificial sweetener in pool water. And the unmistakable pool smell.

Mark sampled private pools and public pools four times and sent the samples directly to a laboratory for inspection

Mark visited Lindsay Blackstock, a PhD student of analytical and environmental toxicology at Alberta University to learn about her ingenious method for measuring the amount of pee in a pool by looking at the concentration of an artificial sweetener called Acefulfame Potassium, it’s commonly found in processed foods and fizzy drinks. This is commonly found in urine because it passes straight through the body undigested.

They looked at samples from some pools in his area to determine how much pee was in them and he conducted an experiment of his own to see what was the cause of that "classic pool smell". He also presented average amounts of pee in large pools as well as an equation to determine how much pee is in your own pool.

In fact, you can also get the results by measuring the amount of urea in the pool, but urea can also come from human sweat, and sweat is very common in pools, so you cannot tell how much urea actually came from pee.

Before the results of the experiment came out, Mark learned a big "secret"!

It took about an hour for the mass spectrometer to detect the results. When Mark waited, Lindsay also told him an amazing fact...

Adding chlorine into a pool can disinfect the water because it kills harmful bacteria, viruses and microorganisms...

However, there is also a big disadvantage! Chlorine for disinfection reacts with urea in the pool to form trichloroamine, that’s why you may smell it when you enter the indoor pool. It is actually the smell of trichloramine, which is the   of urine and chlorine, not just the smell of disinfectant water.

To prove this, Mark personally tested it. He prepared two 5 gallon buckets, and filled them with pure water, then added four times the recommended concentration of chlorine for that volume of water to both buckets, and then added a little urine to the bucket B.

After 3 days of waiting, it’s time for the truth.

Bucket A still smells like water even with four times the recommended chlorine concentration, while bucket B smells like a swimming pool. The only difference is that bucket B has a small amount of pee in it. The smell reminds us of summer vacations in a 5-star hotel’s pools or water parks. It turns out… it’s just pee.

The classic pool smell doesn’t sound like a big deal, but the problem is it’s kinda bad news for both your lungs and your eyes.

If your eyes are really red after swimming for a while, that’s because of the trichloroamine from the pee, not the chlorine. Trichloroamine also causes asthma, in fact, studies show that asthma is more likely to occur among lead swimmers than any other high-level athletes, which now make sense, because Michael Phelps admitted to always peeing in the pool and he says everyone does it too.

In Lindsay’s research, she sampled 20 public swimming pools and 10 public hot tubs. The average concentration of sweetener for the public pool was 470ng/L , and 2247ng/L for the public hot tubs.

So what about Mark’s samples? The concentration of artificial sweetener in his friend’s backyard pool is 69ng/L. Although it is much lower than the average, it equals just under a gallon of pee. Mark's hot tub has a slightly higher concentration of artificial sweetener at 103ng/L.

In another set of samples taken by Mark in a public pool and hot tub, the concentration of artificial sweetener is 27ng/L for the pool and 335ng/L for the hot tub, respectively.

Those numbers are much lower than the average levels of the 30 samples that Lindsay collected, which leads Mark to believe that the water has been completely replaced recently.

If you want to estimate the pee in your pool, Mark came up with a simple equation after talking to some professionals and the equation depends on the number of people.

Average:
numbers of swimmers × 1.2 = gallons of pee

If you think they pee more than average: 
numbers of swimmers × 2 = gallons of pee

If they are more disciplined:
numbers of swimmers × 0.5 = gallons of pee

An Olympic pool would contain over 130 gallons of pee.

While some people swear by the health benefits of drinking urine, which is sterile, taking a gulp of the stuff in a swimming pool is not a good idea.

Urine contains many nitrogenous compounds such as urea, ammonia, amino acids, and creatinine. These compounds can react with disinfectants (e.g., chlorine) in swimming pools to form disinfection byproducts (DBPs).

Although considered a taboo, 19 percent of adults have admitted to having urinated in swimming pools at least once.

So be cool, don’t pee in the pool!

If you are interested watching Mark Rober’s research video, go on Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S32y9aYEzzo

A Nearby Summer Escaping Plan

The city has been rainy and wet for a month, and you wonder when is this going to end. When the rain stops, it’s time for the heat, and voilà, summer is here. It gets hot and humid in Hangzhou, but there are places nearby you can go to enjoy a cooler environment. These include the islands, mountains, lakes and rivers in or near Hangzhou, and the local water parks.

01 - TONGLU -
Luci Bay 桐庐-芦茨湾

Luci Village is situated on the bank of the Fuchun River and is located beside the Longmenwan Scenic Area in the south of the Yangtze River. The village of Luci has a beautiful landscape with a wealth of rural tourism attractions such as Luci Tutu and Yanlingwu Orchard. Luci Village has a long history and profound cultural heritage. This is the hometown of the late Tang poet Fang Gan. In the village of Luci, there are relatively complete ancient buildings such as Chengong Temple and Linggu Temple with historical and traditional features, ancient lanes, old bridges, and ancestral halls.

There are plenty of water entertainment projects to play. Pick a sunny weekend, bring your water gun and swimsuit, and go have a thrilling rafting or water skiing. If you don't want to go into the water, rent a bicycle to go around the lake, 50RMB for pedal boat for unlimited time, the price is very affordable. Or you can bring a small basket to dig bamboo shoots, pick some raspberries, wild vegetables and herbs. Take a bite on that ice cold watermelon, or ask for a cup of Luci black tea on the way to the mountain is also very good.

- TONGLU -
Yaolin Wonderland 桐庐-瑶琳仙境


During the Olympic season, visitors coming to the Yaolin caves can watch the live broadcast of the Games while cooling off in the caves. Yaolin Wonderland is a group of limestone caves formed by corrosion through the ages. With stalagmite and peak stones in fantastic shapes and colors as well as murmuring streams, pools and cliffs, its halls are interconnected with passages and chambers.

Yaolin Wonderland stretches 1km in depth and covers 28,000 sqm. It ranks second on the list of the newly developed natural scenic sports among the Forty Best Tourist Resorts in China. It was also awarded as one of the Ten Best Tourist Resorts in Zhejiang province.

In the spacious fourth to sixth halls of Yaolin Wonderland, 300-odd immortals from more than 20 myths and legends, such as Nuwa Patching the Skies and Houyi Shooting Down the Nine Suns, are displayed through lifelike modern audio-animatronics, complementing the beauty of the stalagmites in the other three halls of Yaolin Wonderland and adding a touch of mythology.

02 - DEQING -
Moganshan 德清-莫干山


Moganshan, part of China’s Moganshan National Park, about 1 hour by private car southwest of Shanghai, the lush mountain has long been the stomping ground of high-profile politicians (a list that once included Chairman Mao), foreign missionaries, Chinese gangsters, and well-heeled expats.

Thanks to its elite clientele and countryside appeal, the area has been dubbed the “Hamptons of China,” though visitors will have to trade a sandy coastline for rolling tea plantations and restored 19th-century mansions. Even without the beaches of Long Island, the draw is clear: It’s the kind of place where you can wander through tea plantations by day and sip French wines in a private cellar late into the evening. After a busy week of work in Hangzhou, where temperatures hover around 38 degrees in the summer, Moganshan provides cool mountain air and a blissfully wide-open itinerary.

There are a few places we recommend you to stay, simply search: Le Passage, naked Stables, Solvang Village Boutique on www.morehangzhou.com

03 - JIANDE -
Xin'an River 建德-新安江


Listed with the first group of national scenic spots ever adopted, the city of Jiande is described as a bright pearl along the golden tourist route from Zhejiang province to neighboring Anhui.

The Xin'an River attracts thousands of visitors from both home and abroad every year. Linking Yellow Mountain at its headwaters and Thousand-Island Lake at its lower reaches, the river winds among high mountains.

Due to its splendid landscapes, the river is renowned as a gallery where water meets mountains. Xin'an River is famous for its clear water - in summer or winter, its riverbed can be clearly seen. The temperature of the river remains 17 degrees through the whole year, and the fog on the river is also a wonder.

And forget to try the local specialty: Fish Head!

04 - LIN'AN -
West Zhejiang Grand Canyon 临安-浙西大峡谷


West Zhejiang Grand Canyon is located in the City of Lin'an in western Hangzhou. The canyon is one of the famed landscapes in western Zhexi. There are 4 main sightseeing areas: Jiamen Pass, White Horse Cliff, Zhelin Waterfall, and Laodui Brook.

From White Horse Cliff, you can see a landscape that includes waterfalls, brooks, and cliffs. At Jiamen Pass, you experience rafting or you can enjoy walking along trails through the canyon. At Zhelin Waterfall, you can see Yansheng Waterfall and Longmen Waterfall, the waters of which are exceptionally cool. An important feature of Laodui Brook is a display of cultural activities there.

- LIN'AN -
Qingshan Lake 临安-青山湖


Qingshan Lake is a manmade lake 4-5 kilometers to the east of Lin'an. Lined with metasequoia trees, the Lake makes a unique view. There is also a barbecue court and a small playing ground where you could go parachuting on the water. The best way to appreciate the views here is by boat. Tickets are available at Qinshan and Shenghe, two piers at the south bank of the Lake. You may board and alight at the same pier. There are two types of rides, with one taken on boats painted in the style of classic pleasure boats, and the other on yachts.

05 - LISHUI -
Songyang Ruoliao 丽水 - 松阳箬寮


Songyang County is located in the mountains of southwest Zhejiang and has over 1800 years of history. This is a famous city of provincial history. Historically, it was the economic center of Chuzhou (today's Lishui), and it has many historical relics, including the domestically and internationally famous Yanqing Temple Pagoda. The many cultural sites here also include the Huang Courtyard, the “Ming-Qing Neighborhood,” and the Xiongdi Jinshi (“Brothers Who Passed the Imperial Exam”) memorial gate.

The Ruoliao Primeval Forest is located in Songyang County. It is a small canyon between Lishui Mountain. The cool climate, dense vegetation accompanied by waterfalls and streams make the original forest a good place to escape the heat. The main thing here is to experience the farmhouse music, listen to the sound of the stream, breathe the fresh air and enjoy the fun of nature.

Shanghai’s Waste Classification Has Spawned A New Occupation

Lately, Shanghai citizens have been busy learning how to sort their garbage.

Overnight, all the garbage bins in Shanghai's major residential complexes disappeared! Residents can now only dispose of their garbage at designated garbage disposal points which are locked up during most of the day.

Each resident will be allocated with a time to dump their waste and a designated station within their vicinity, where they can sort garbage into bins.

The daily time for garbage disposal is regulated:
7am - 9am
6pm – 8pm

(Slightly different for different places)

Garbage must be sorted, otherwise the penalty will be between 50RMB-200RMB.

After the garbage bins were removed, some residents took garbage to work, some dumped them on the street late at night.

"On July 28, 2018, the garbage bins were removed. Although there was a lot of publicity previously (to educate the residents), the complex was like a big garbage dump the day after." Shi Jingjing, secretary of the party branch of the Fushi residential area in Minhang District, Shanghai, recalled, “After the garbage bins were removed and the designated garbage bins put in place, most residents, especially the elderly, found it easier to sort their garbage." Shi Jingjing said, "But some of the young people do not follow the waste classification rules. Some people throw garbage into the street trash can outside the complex. Some people take the garbage with them to throw in the garbage bins where they work.”

“In the vicinity of street shops, there will be a lot of unsorted overnight garbage in the morning.” said Wang Junxiong, head of the business department of Shanghai Jiangchuan Environmental Sanitation Comprehensive Service Co., Ltd. “The urban management, law enforcement, and other departments have their off-duty hours, some merchants would throw the unsorted garbage on the street in the evening. Even if they were discovered, the punishment is not hard enough.” In some communities, in order to find the owner of the ownerless garbage that was thrown away, the residents’ committee officials even went through the garbage to look for clues.

Garbage Disposal Service!

So some “smart” people have developed a new business:
Garbage disposal!

Ms. Chen said she goes out early and comes home late every day. Garbage disposal is scheduled at certain times of the day, which gives her a headache. After all, some people are busy.

Fortunately, some people started to provide garbage disposal services at the complex where she lives. She only needs to leave the sorted garbage at her door. At 9am every day, someone will come to take them to the designated garbage disposal point. The cost is 1RMB each time and 30RMB a month.

Waste sorting is just beginning. It will be a long journey for a big country like China. Apart from enhancing garbage storage sites, local environmental agencies are aiming to resolve garbage overflow in the districts of Jing’an, Changning, Yangpu, Fengxian, Songjiang and Chongming by the end of 2018. Other districts will follow suit next year, and it is expected that a fully conceived national system - including the enforcement of garbage fees - will be in place by 2020.

Your Latest Bus Guide to Xiaoshan & Pudong Airports

Starting from June 21st, the Yellow Dragon Stadium Station will no longer operate. There will be two locations where you can get a bus to Shanghai Pudong Airport. The journey takes about 3.5 hours and the ticket cost is 120RMB. Here are the details:

To Shanghai Pudong Airport
上海浦东机场大巴


From Wulinmen
武林门民航售票处

(390 Tiyuchang Road体育场路390号)

5:30am, 6:10am, 7am, 8am, 9am, 10am, 11am, 12pm, 1pm, 2pm, 3pm, 3:50pm, 4:30pm, 5:30pm

From Hangzhou East Train Station
杭州火车东站


5:55am, 6:45am, 7:35am, 8:35am, 9:35am, 10:35am, 11:35am, 12:35pm, 1:35pm, 2:35pm, 3:35pm, 4:25pm, 5:05pm, 6:05pm

We also collected information for how to get to Xiaoshan Airport. Here are the details:

Bus to Xiaoshan Airport
萧山机场大巴


From Wulinmen
武林门民航售票处

(390 Tiyuchang Road体育场路390号)

Stops at: Bus station at the junction of Pinghai Road and Yuewang Road 平海路岳王路口公交车站 (You can purchase your ticket at: 平海路杭州市职工国际旅行社内)

First bus: 5am
Last bus: 9pm
Every 15 minutes from 5am to 5pm.
Every 30 minutes from 5pm to 9pm.

From Chengzhan Train Station
城站火车站


Inside of Chengzhan Train Station Bus Station 城站火车站汽车客运站内.
Add: 12-8 East Huancheng Road 环城东路12-8号

First bus: 5am
Last bus: 9pm
Every 30 minutes.

From Xiasha
下沙


Hangzhou Eastern International Business Center, South Haida Road 海达南路杭州东部国际商务中心
Stops at:  Shengtai Kaiyuan Mingdu Hotel 盛泰开元名都酒店

7:15am, 9:30am, 10:30am, 12:10pm, 1:40pm, 3:10pm, 4:30pm, 6:15pm

From Hangzhou East Train Station
火车东站


Every 30 minutes from 5:30am from 9am.
Every 15 minutes from 9am to 9pm.

From Binjiang
滨江


Overseas Business Park, 368 Liuhe Road 六和路368号海外创业园
Stops at:  Ramada Plaza Riverside Hangzhou (华美达大酒店), and Jiangling Road Subway Station (江陵路地铁站)

6am, 7:30am, 8:30am, 9:30am, 10am, 11:20am, 12:30pm, 1:40pm, 2:50pm, 4pm, 5:20pm, 6:40pm

From Future Science and Technology City
未来科技城


Hangzhou Future Science and Technology City Overseas High-Level Talents Innovation Park杭州未来科技城海创园

6:40am, 7:35am, 8:40am, 9:25am, 10:20am, 11:10am, 12:30pm, 1:20pm, 2:20pm, 3:20pm,  4:20pm, 5:25pm, 5:55pm, 6:40pm

From Xixi Wetland
西溪湿地


Longshezui, Xixi Wetland 杭州市西溪湿地龙舌嘴

8am, 10am, 12:20pm, 3:30pm

From Lake View Hotel
望湖宾馆


2 West Huancheng Road 环城西路2号

9am, 11am, 1:20pm, 4:30pm

From Hangzhou Terminal
杭州客运中心

(3339 East Desheng Rd. Jiubao Town 九堡镇德胜东路3339号)

6:40am, 7:40am, 8:45am, 8:50am, 9:10am, 9:40am, 10:10am, 10:40am, 11:20am, 12:10pm, 12:50pm, 1:30pm, 2:05pm, 2:35pm, 3:20pm, 4pm, 4:35pm, 5:10pm, 5:50pm, 6:30pm, 7:10pm, 7:40pm, 8:20pm, 8:55pm

From Hangzhou North Bus Station
杭州长途汽车北站

(766 Moganshan Road 莫干山路766号)

5:15am, 6am, 6:45am, 7:40am, 8:10am, 8:40am, 9:20am, 10am, 10:40am, 11:30am, 12:10pm, 12:40pm, 1:20pm, 1:45pm, 2:30pm, 3:10pm, 3:50pm, 4:20pm, 5pm, 5:40pm, 6:20pm, 7pm, 7:40pm, 8:20pm, 9pm, 9:40pm, 10:10pm

From Hangzhou South Bus Station
杭州长途汽车南站

(407 Qiutao Road 秋涛路407号)

6:20am, 7:20am, 8:20am, 9:20am, 10:30am, 11:30am, 12:30pm, 1:30pm, 2:20pm, 3:30pm, 4:30pm, 5:30pm, 6:30pm, 7:30pm, 8:30pm, 9:10pm

From Hangzhou West Bus Station
杭州长途汽车西站

(357 Tianmushan Road  天目山路357号)

6:20am, 7:20am, 8:20am, 9:20am, 10:30am, 11:30am, 12:30pm, 1:30pm, 2:20pm, 3:30pm, 4:30pm, 5:30pm, 6:30pm, 7:30pm, 8:30pm, 9:10pm

We recommend you this platform to book your bus ticket. Not only can you buy tickets for the airport shuttle bus, but also to other cities as well. You can use your passport to purchase tickets.

To Come Back from Xiaoshan Airport

The shuttle buses of Hangzhou Airport usually take an hour to the city center and around 50 minutes to Xiaoshan District. To buy tickets, go to Gate 14, Arrival Hall, on the first floor of the domestic terminal.

China is Getting Serious about Waste Classification

China has been making efforts on waste sorting or waste recycling for decades, but there are still many problems yet to be solved. Eight cities including Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing and Hangzhou were considered national pilot cities for garbage sorting in 1998. Twenty years on, their efforts have not achieved the desired results. According to the People's Daily, the failure of garbage classification was due to three reasons: a lack of awareness from residents, misconduct from garbage workers and insufficient financial support.

According to a survey released by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment research center, 63.7 percent of people surveyed believe that the reason why they fail to sort the garbage is due to the lack of classified waste bins in their residential communities. 59.6 percent of people blame their behavior on the failure of city garbage disposal services, which mix all garbage together, leading people to think that there's no point in sorting.

Other reasons include that the residents don't know how to sort; they have no sense of accomplishment; they think sorting is complicated, exhausting and few people around them do it.

First Penalty in Hangzhou for Garbage Classification

On May 30th, 2019, Hangzhou Jianggan District officially imposed penalties for the classification of personal waste.

On the morning of May 30, Mr. Zhang, who lives in Caihe Street in Jianggan District, signed his name on the “Administrative Punishment Decision”. Jianggan District City Management Office fined Mr. Zhang for 50RMB because the garbage was misplaced.

Mr. Zhang became the first person in Hangzhou who was not properly sorting garbage and was subject to administrative punishment.

Shanghai Will Be the First City to Enforce Garbage Classification

Yes, starting from July 1st, 2019, Garbage Classification will be officially implemented in Shanghai!

Shanghai is going to be the pioneer city for waste sorting and recycling, which makes it the first city in China to publish harsh regulations on garbage sorting and recycling. The government has put out a list of categories for sorting waste including recyclable, hazardous, wet and dry. It also specified the punishments for individuals and companies that break the rules.

Fines for individual mixed garbage will be up to 200RMB

Fines for companies, organizations, and complex mixing of garbage will be up to 50,000RMB

For individuals, authorities will fine a maximum of 200RMB (about 29 U.S. dollars) for mixing the garbage, while companies and organizations that are in charge of garbage sorting, transporting, processing and management will be fined a maximum 50,000RMB (about 72,357 U.S. dollars).

The regulation will come into effect on July 1 and was passed by the people's congress of Shanghai municipal city on January 31, 2018.

Garbage Classification

Basically divided into four categories: Hazardous Waste, Recyclable Waste, Household Food Waste, and Residual Waste. Check out the colours and Chinese below:

These four categories are the major ones. How do we distinguish them? We explain each category for you, let’s start with Recyclable Waste.

Recyclable Waste
可回收垃圾


Paper, plastic, scrap metal, glass bottles & containers, magazines, books & cardboard, clothes, fabric, toys, take-out or food delivery packaging

This is where your plastic bottles and containers go, unless they are dirty and can’t be cleaned, in which case, they go in the Residual Waste (干垃圾) bin. Pour out the liquid before you throw your drink bottles or food containers away. Rinse them with water and squash them. You’re doing the sanitation workers a huge favor by reducing the size and weight, and giving them a bit of dignity.

Cosmetic brands such as Kiehl's, Origins, M.A.C, Shiseido, and Innisfree can take your returned containers and reward you with small samples and membership points.

Household Food Waste
湿垃圾


Food waste, expired food, shells & husk, dead plants, Chinese medicine

Anything type of food waste belongs in this category. The chicken bones from last night, the shells from your favourite spicy crayfish, shrimp, or crab, the plant you bought three months ago and is now dead, grape skin, fruit peels… but leftover milk or yogurt should be poured directly into your sink.

Most organic food waste belongs here, except things that are hard to break down, like big bones and coconut shells, which go in the Residual Waste (干垃圾) bin. Remember to remove the plastic from anything you put in these bins.

Residual Waste
干垃圾


Anything else goes to Residual Waste.

Bottles or cans that are dirty and can’t be cleaned should go in the Residual Waste (干垃圾) bin. Things like face mask packaging, nail polish bottles, cotton sticks, toothbrushes, towels, used tissues, tampons, diapers, cigarette butts, plant pots, plastic wrap, yogurt or milk bottles (you need to empty the bottle first). Clean food packaging goes to Recyclable, dirty and used packaging goes to Residual Waste.

Waimai containers are incredibly hard to recycle, even the paper-based ones. These containers are often lined with polyethylene and tainted with food residue so they are very unpopular among garbage collectors -- it’s not worth their effort to wash them or separate the liners. The same goes for disposable coffee cups. This is a problem.

So here are the four steps we suggest you do. First, separate the clean paper/plastics and dirty containers. Leftover food →Household Food Waste Bin (湿垃圾); dirty containers →Residual Waste (干垃圾) bin; Clean bags → Recyclable (可回收物) bin.

Hazardous Waste
有害垃圾


Used batteries (rechargeable batteries, button batteries, batteries), paint cans, waste lamp, paint buckets, pesticides (there are residues that need to be sealed in advance and then disposed of), expired or discarded drugs, and other hazardous materials.

In newer residential areas, they are usually right next to the other bins, in red or with a red label. If you don’t have one in your neighborhood, talk to your local neighborhood management about options for disposal. That’s kind of mafan but we all need to do the best we can.

If you are wondering how many garbage bags you should have at home to handle daily waste, we have an idea for you to try.

More Options for Recyclable Waste

For books, Duozhuayu (多抓鱼) is great for selling and buying second-hand books. Funded by Tencent, Duozhuayu has a system that verifies and estimates the value of your books, and they will collect the books from you free of charge.

For clothes, take them back to the store, or take them to H&M. Clothing shops Uniqlo, H&M, and Zara all provide recycling services for used clothes from their own shops; H&M even accepts clothes from other brands.

Social enterprise Feimayi (飞蚂蚁) is at the forefront of online textile recycling in China and provides a free collection service for more than five kg of clothes. Also funded by Tencent, like Duozhuayu, it’s accessible via desktop and WeChat mini-program. Find the QR code by scrolling down on their website. Basic Chinese is needed to navigate the app and fill out the form.

Aihuishou (爱回收) is China’s largest platform for recycling and selling second-hand electronics. They have offline stores in shopping malls throughout the city.

Xianyu (闲鱼) is Taobao’s second-hand marketplace. Although not desktop-friendly, you can sell almost anything there. The platform is super active due to its sheer size. There is an amazing, incredible, wonderfully efficient and hugely profitable Buy & Sell section here.

Green Initiatives offers transparent waste management for e-waste, paper, and textile waste. They also have recycling bins at URBN hotel, Element Fresh, and many other private and public collection points around Shanghai. For home pick up, Feibao, a social enterprise that works with Green Iniatitives offers recycling service through WeChat.

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