In the internet era, in this carnival of language, no one needs to worry about not having anything to say. Social media sites are literally abuzz with a dizzying array of jargon. In the presence of this raging torrent of information, everyone can use social media to disseminate information and to express their points of views. Even if you don’t have any imaginative opinions or abstract ideas, it does not matter. Those cute, sometimes nonsensical, universal words or phrases – network buzzwords – will save you in dire straits. Whatever the case is, just add an "I am drunk" or "Here comes the question, which excavator’s technology is the strongest?" plus a nose picking emoticon, and you are instantly upgraded to someone who is using the “insider language.” However, it is also the universal property of the sentence that greatly weakens the uniqueness of the expression. Because everyone is afraid of being “out of the know,” they latch onto these words and use them and reuse them until there is nothing left but a stack of bones. This relentless process explains how seriously this generation is suffering from the lack of communication skills. Now the real question is coming...
French sociologist Jean Baudrillard defined consumption as "a systematic behavior of the manipulation of symbols," whether it is physical or language, it must become a symbol in order to become an object of consumption. When a phrase or sentence is turned into a network buzzword, it is signified. A statement can have the possibility of being replicated only when it becomes a symbol, then it turns into a universal sentence to be consumed by all. In the eyes of Baudrillard, the nature of the modern consumer society is the difference of the construction. Consumption is not the material or the language itself, but the differences. When only a few people know how to use “excavators,” only a few people “are drunk,” then you can produce the exclusive pleasure by grasping and using the popular language. But when everyone is scrambling to use the excavators, when everyone is drunk, then the differences disappear. The people who are interested in network buzzwords can’t find the right word to express their feelings, so they consume the many fleeting network buzzwords to express their feelings, thus putting the words into the embarrassing position of becoming nonsensical through “endless repetition.”
Though some might look upon buzzword use as mindless drivel, they do indeed tell us much about the current culture. These words can describe new phenomena or provide a useful linguistic shortcut to describe complex ideas. You may not be a fan of using such clichéd language, but if you are a learner of Chinese, being able to understand the underlying meanings (and re-meanings) and to master the use of these popular phrases can be a wonderful tool in your box. However, buzzwords do fizzle out eventually, so while knowing these more recent popular sayings is a good thing, it’s up to you to continue keeping up with what’s trending. We've sifted through a plethora of Chinese network buzzwords in 2014 and come up with what we think were the buzziest buzzwords a buzzin’ last year. Some are more organically-derived, some a bit forced. Some of the buzz factor relates to the 90s generation’s nostalgia – harking back to the simpler days of their youth. Here they are for your consumption:
1. 萌萌哒 (méng méng da): So cute, so adorable
It is a well-known fact that most Asian girls like to be described as “cute.” 萌萌哒simply means too cute or too adorable. 萌萌哒 can also be萌萌的, but when de is replaced with da, the “adorable” index is greatly increased. Starting on Douban.com, it has gained in popularity because of a series of gifs released by the Palace Museum where the ancient emperor Yongzheng looks very cute. A more popular way to use this phrase is in the context of a selfie. You can raise your hand to make a scissor shape to put next to your eye or you can slightly pucker your lips and snap a shot. Post it on Weibo or WeChat and entitle it 感觉自己萌萌哒 (gǎn jué zì jǐ méng méng da): Feel myself so cute. This is a typical use by the 90s narcissist generation.
2. 且行且珍惜 (qiě xíng qiě zhēn xī): Cherish what you have at the moment
On March 31st 2014, Chinese actress Ma Yili posted on her Weibo about her actor husband Wen Zhang cheating on her. The full text is as follows: “Although it’s easy to love, marriage is not easy. Cherish what you have at the moment” (恋爱虽易, 婚姻不易, 且行且珍惜 liàn ài suī yì, hūn yīn bú yì, qiě xíng qiě zhēn xī). Wen Zhang admitted to his infidelity, and suddenly this sentence got popular all over the blogosphere inspiring people to weave it into their own posts:
A sports fan wrote: One goal is easy, but a streak is not easy, cherish what you have at the moment.
One middle class blogger wrote: Living is easy, life is not easy, cherish what you have at the moment.
A gamer wrote: Online is easy, offline is not easy, cherish what you have at the moment.
A relationship expert wrote: Making choices is easy, persistence is not easy, cherish what you have at the moment.
3. 逗比 (dòu bī): Funny dude
Dou bi is an easy phrase and can be understood as a “Funny dude.” Simply put, it is to say someone is very funny, a bit silly and cute. The use of bi adds to the “stupid” factor as it is also used to refer to a part of the female anatomy, so you will hear it used a lot in insults. We describe someone being silly as the number “2.” 二比 (èr bī) has the same meaning as dou bi. With the scope of the use of dou bi gradually expanding, more and more people use it as a neutral term. If someone is doing something, and this is something we believe to be silly, we can say he's a dou bi. If it is used to describe a stranger, it means that person is foolish. If used on a close friend, that is more like a joke!
4. 作死 (zuō sǐ): Seek death
Zuo si comes from不作死就不会死 (bù zuō sǐ jiù bù huì sǐ). At the moment, this saying is still widely used within the social network, even on mainstream media forums. It was reported that this phrase is also used abroad, receiving over 1,600 likes among Western social media users within just three months. It is so widespread that the Urban Dictionary, an American online slang dictionary, has included it and defined it as “no zuo no die.” From the Urban Dictionary: “This phrase is of Chinglish origin. Means if you don't do stupid things, they won't come back and bite you in the ass. (But if you do, they most certainly will.) Zuo is a Chinese character meaning to act silly or daring (for attention).” Nowadays it is simply written as “no zuo no die” and not it Chinese characters. Here are the examples the Urban Dictionary gives:
A: Some dude baked cookies shaped like iPhone, held it by the mouth when driving, tried to mess with traffic cops.
B: Did he pull it off?
A: Cop was pissed and ran his name through the system. Turns out he's got speed tickets unpaid!
B: No zuo no die.
A: Yesterday I wore sunglasses and watch movie using my flat computer with loud voice, at last, I found I lost my purse.
B: No zuo no die.
5. 也是满拼的 (yě shì mǎn pīn de): Working too hard
This is a very simple oral discourse coming from the second season of the popular TV reality show Dad, Where are We Going? Singer Gary Tsao said it several times during filming, thus making it famous. It’s now widely used all over social media. The meaning is that even though you work very hard, you achieve no success – it’s meant ironically. As with most buzzwords, the meaning has evolved. The most common current use for this phrase is to refer to someone as “working too hard” to do something of little worth. For example, let’s say a guy is getting ready to go through security at the airport. He has a bottle of milk and doesn’t want to waste it, so he chugs it down. His girlfriend can say sarcastically to him, “你为了不浪费，你也是蛮拼的!” (“Ni wei le bu lang fei, ni ye shi man pin de!”) or “You worked so hard so that you didn’t waste it!” Now these words “working too hard” are well entrenched in the social media language. Even Chinese president Xi Jinping, in an attempt to be “down with the kids,” used it in his 2015 New Year’s speech: “In order to do the work well, our cadres from all levels are working too hard.” He’s the man!
6. …的节奏 (de jié zòu): In the rhythm of…
This phrase popped up several years ago. Some say it was used by gamers playing World of Warcraft 3, but that cannot be substantiated. The song "The Most Unusual National Wind" really sparked the craze. The lyrics: “What kind of rhythm is so cool” (“什么样的节奏,” “Shénme yàng de de jié zòu”) were plucked from this popular song and began to be used in every which way. It’s a catchy phrase that can be appropriated for being “in the rhythm” of just about anything:
How come you are quarrelling again? Is this in the rhythm of a break up?
I ate way too much. This is in the rhythm of getting fat.
I have been working two weeks straight without any break. I’m in the rhythm of dying.
7. 有钱就是任性 (yǒu qián jiù shì rèn xìng): Because I am rich I can do what I want
This is a true story. In April, Mr. Liu spent 1,760RMB online buying a healthcare product. Soon after, he got calls from a stranger who persuaded him to buy other similar medicinal products. In the following four months, Mr. Liu paid a total of 540,000RMB to the swindler. When asked, he said that he had already known he was being cheated when the mark hit 70,000RMB; "I just wanted to see how much they could take from me," he said. Early on, this phrase was used sarcastically (or begrudgingly?) to refer to the way that rich people arbitrarily do things. We saw it being used quite often on Weibo to flaunt wealth between friends. The famous Weibo blogger Wang Sicong wrote, “When I make friends, I don’t care if they are rich. I’m rich anyway.” It’s now been usurped to by netizens to establish their own sense of entitlement: “I’m great at exams, I can do whatever I want;” “I’m young, I can do whatever I want;” “I’m a MORE writer, I can write what I want;” and the list goes on.
8. 画面太美，我不敢看 (huà miàn tài měi, wǒ bù gǎn kàn): The picture is too beautiful, I can’t look at it
This buzzword comes from a sentence in Taiwanese singer Jolin Tsai's song "Prague Square" (2007). The lyrics “画面太美我不敢看” are intended to describe a thing so weird that one "can't bear to look at it." In the song, it is meant to be positive; however, now it has been twisted to express disgust. Take for example the Vietnamese remake of the 90s TV drama Huanzhu Gege. Bloggers said the show was “too beautiful to look at” to express their shock at the ugliness of the Vietnamese actors, actors whom in their own country are considered very good-looking (true, the commentators repulsion may have been triggered by current events). This buzz phrase is often used in negative reviews, especially of mainland movies and TV shows because they are just so over-the-top that you just can’t stand to watch them.
9. 也是醉了 (yě shì zuì le): I am drunk
This buzzword originates from Jin Yong's novel The Swordsman. The hero in the novel, Ling Huchong, satirizes others' flattering by saying, "The moment I see those who flatter me would I feel so uncomfortable as if I were drunk." A group of DotA players began using this phrase. Later on, it started being used in the game League of Legends (which the 90s kids are crazy about). Whether one's skill is good or bad, they will say "我也是醉了," meaning "Are you kidding me?” You can use it when you feel helpless, depressed, speechless… It can also express admiration and surprise for something or someone: Look at what he’s doing, I am drunk! It can show your contempt and disdain for slag as well. For instance, an editor might write: This writer is taking too long to finish the cover article, I’m drunk!
Played the whole afternoon. It is full of teammates like pigs here. I am drunk. I have nothing more to say. (A quick note about “teammates like pigs.” This, too, is an oft-used gamer buzzword 像猪一样的队友– xiàng zhū yì yǎng de duì yǒu – it means stupid and/or lazy teammates.)
Cactus can really block radiation? I can’t believe you would ask such a stupid question. I am drunk.
Have argued so long with people like you who have the IQ of pond scum. I am drunk.
10. 拉仇恨 (lā chóu hèn): Courting envy
拉 (lā) means “pull” and 仇恨 (chóu hèn) means “hatred.” The three Chinese characters together mean “courting envy.” This phrase is often used when someone boasts to his or her friends in order to make them jealous. When someone shows off to his or her friends – anything from a newly bought bargain to weight loss achieved in a short time – some of the friends will say, as an indirect form of flattery, that it is an act of courting envy. Another common usage is when someone posts pictures of food that s/he is eating in the middle of night; that most definitely is la chou hen.
She takes photos before she takes off, after she lands, her lunch, her sunbathing, even her feet. That is totally la chou hen.
Tom bought the latest iPhone 6 Plus, and he is posting it on his WeChat. That is soooo la chou hen.
11. 辣条征服世界 就是辣么任性 (là tiáo zhēng fú shì jiè jiù shì là me rèn xìng): Hot strip conquers the world, so arbitrary
La tiao means hot strip. It is a cheap spicy snack made from flour that was especially popular when those of the 90s generation were children. Recently, netizens were shocked to learn that it costs $12 a package in some foreign countries, inspiring the phrase: "Hot strip conquers the world." The underlying meaning is that in these more developed countries, they will pay the equivalent of 74RMB for a pack of la tiao that can be bought for a mere kuai here, and inferring that this is the only thing that China has to offer to the more industrialized countries. Now people use it to ironically state that they are moneyed. So, if a guy says to you, “I will buy you 100 packages of la tiao. Will you go out with me?” he is telling you that he has money. Unfortunately, this fad of the la tiao won’t seem to die (though you might if you eat them). Posts on Weibo inviting “a foreign teacher to eat la tiao” have inspired numerous followers to post photos of their foreign teachers trying la tiao. (A clever marketing ploy one might ask???). Maybe they are just trying to slowly poison their teachers, as CCTV news has exposed that la tiao are, in fact, carcinogenic.
12. 那么问题来了挖掘机技术哪家强 (nà me wèn tí lái le wā jué jī jì shù nǎ jiā qiáng): Here comes the question, which excavator’s technology is the strongest?
Twenty-four years ago, Lan Xiang Occupation Technical School began running their famous advertisement. It goes something like this: “Which excavator’s technology is the strongest? Find Lan Xiang in Shandong, China. There are one hundred excavators for students to practice. First learn, pay after. Your first month's salary is the tuition. Free of charge for a one-month trial!” This commercial has been shown, unchanged, all around China since the 90s – its simple message repeatedly bombing the brains’ of viewers, attempting to brainwash them into compliance. How is it that this uninventive ad has successfully invaded the blogosphere? What "charm" does Lan Xiang's excavator have? Every time a netizen finishes a comment rather abruptly, they can simply add, "Then here comes the question, which excavator’s technology is the strongest?" It can be used fairly randomly (as with most buzzwords, many people hide behind them when they don't have a firm grasp on the concepts). Sociolinguistically speaking though, the “excavator’s technology” might just be the 90s gen’s way of subconsciously being self-deprecating (Or do we give them too much credit?). Or, it might just be one big joke on this generation by the person or persons who decided to start this buzz phrase buzzing. Maybe they are using this to make a social criticism on the repetitive, mindless use of buzzwords that members of the 90s gen incessantly bat back and forth to each other across the social network, because they can’t manage to pull anything more original out of their own brains. The mind reels… Strictly speaking, however, for the majority of the “excavator” users, it is merely meant to show that they are indeed in-the-know, down with the terminology, up on the latest trends, in fashion, trending with the trendy. Observe in the samplings below:
After watching the episode one of the second season of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., I can already guess the second. The Absorbing Man is so strong a normal car can’t hurt him. Agent Coulson must use large machinery to deal with him. So here comes the question, which excavator’s technology is the strongest?
The teacher said to me that I’m not good at examining the topic, and I don’t know how to dig out the thoughts, and I should ask a classmate for help. I wanted to ask her which classmate is good at digging out the thoughts, but instead I asked, “Teacher, which excavator’s technology is the strongest?”
Learning that her ex-husband was back together with Faye Wong, the pain in Cecilia Cheung’s heart was unbearable. She slapped her own chest crying out, "Which excavator’s technology is the strongest?"
Want to talk like a Hangzhounese? Here are some words you can try to impress your Hangzhou friends:
色阔 (sè kuo) Goodbye
莫牢牢 (mo láo láo) Very much
千色色 (qian se se) Too girly
上毛子(sháng máo zi) Last time
色基 (sè ji) Eat
熬扫 (áo sáo) Hurry up
册空 (cè kóng) Finding troubles
困告 (kùn gáo) Sleep
结棍/色照 (jiē gún / sē záo) Strong
阿岁铜板 (a suí tóng bai) Red envelope for CNY
搞搞儿 (gāo gāo er) Play
背寺老到 (bèi si láo dāo) Long-winded
拷瓦派儿 (kāo wā pái er) AA
勒个子 (lè ge zi) Armpit
择撒 (zé sā) What?
落位 (luó wéi) Comfortable
拷位儿 (kào wéi er) Fall in love
跌色拜倒 (diē se bāi dào) Hastily
发靥 (fā yè) Cute
接个套 (jiè gē tāo) What’s up?
哈人到怪 (hā rén dào guai) Scary
窝封叽糟 (wó féng jī zao) Dirty
克冲懵懂 (kē cóng méng dong) Sleepy
The weather is getting hotter and hotter, what beats escaping the summer heat with a refreshing splash in the pool?
But have you ever thought of a question: How much urine is there in the pool?
Let’s talk about that today.
Blogger Mark Rober spoke with a couple of scientists to find out the average amount of pee in a swimming pool. The giveaway is the amount of artificial sweetener in pool water. And the unmistakable pool smell.
Mark sampled private pools and public pools four times and sent the samples directly to a laboratory for inspection
Mark visited Lindsay Blackstock, a PhD student of analytical and environmental toxicology at Alberta University to learn about her ingenious method for measuring the amount of pee in a pool by looking at the concentration of an artificial sweetener called Acefulfame Potassium, it’s commonly found in processed foods and fizzy drinks. This is commonly found in urine because it passes straight through the body undigested.
They looked at samples from some pools in his area to determine how much pee was in them and he conducted an experiment of his own to see what was the cause of that "classic pool smell". He also presented average amounts of pee in large pools as well as an equation to determine how much pee is in your own pool.
In fact, you can also get the results by measuring the amount of urea in the pool, but urea can also come from human sweat, and sweat is very common in pools, so you cannot tell how much urea actually came from pee.
Before the results of the experiment came out, Mark learned a big "secret"!
It took about an hour for the mass spectrometer to detect the results. When Mark waited, Lindsay also told him an amazing fact...
Adding chlorine into a pool can disinfect the water because it kills harmful bacteria, viruses and microorganisms...
However, there is also a big disadvantage! Chlorine for disinfection reacts with urea in the pool to form trichloroamine, that’s why you may smell it when you enter the indoor pool. It is actually the smell of trichloramine, which is the of urine and chlorine, not just the smell of disinfectant water.
To prove this, Mark personally tested it. He prepared two 5 gallon buckets, and filled them with pure water, then added four times the recommended concentration of chlorine for that volume of water to both buckets, and then added a little urine to the bucket B.
After 3 days of waiting, it’s time for the truth.
Bucket A still smells like water even with four times the recommended chlorine concentration, while bucket B smells like a swimming pool. The only difference is that bucket B has a small amount of pee in it. The smell reminds us of summer vacations in a 5-star hotel’s pools or water parks. It turns out… it’s just pee.
The classic pool smell doesn’t sound like a big deal, but the problem is it’s kinda bad news for both your lungs and your eyes.
If your eyes are really red after swimming for a while, that’s because of the trichloroamine from the pee, not the chlorine. Trichloroamine also causes asthma, in fact, studies show that asthma is more likely to occur among lead swimmers than any other high-level athletes, which now make sense, because Michael Phelps admitted to always peeing in the pool and he says everyone does it too.
In Lindsay’s research, she sampled 20 public swimming pools and 10 public hot tubs. The average concentration of sweetener for the public pool was 470ng/L , and 2247ng/L for the public hot tubs.
So what about Mark’s samples? The concentration of artificial sweetener in his friend’s backyard pool is 69ng/L. Although it is much lower than the average, it equals just under a gallon of pee. Mark's hot tub has a slightly higher concentration of artificial sweetener at 103ng/L.
In another set of samples taken by Mark in a public pool and hot tub, the concentration of artificial sweetener is 27ng/L for the pool and 335ng/L for the hot tub, respectively.
Those numbers are much lower than the average levels of the 30 samples that Lindsay collected, which leads Mark to believe that the water has been completely replaced recently.
If you want to estimate the pee in your pool, Mark came up with a simple equation after talking to some professionals and the equation depends on the number of people.
numbers of swimmers × 1.2 = gallons of pee
If you think they pee more than average:
numbers of swimmers × 2 = gallons of pee
If they are more disciplined:
numbers of swimmers × 0.5 = gallons of pee
An Olympic pool would contain over 130 gallons of pee.
While some people swear by the health benefits of drinking urine, which is sterile, taking a gulp of the stuff in a swimming pool is not a good idea.
Urine contains many nitrogenous compounds such as urea, ammonia, amino acids, and creatinine. These compounds can react with disinfectants (e.g., chlorine) in swimming pools to form disinfection byproducts (DBPs).
Although considered a taboo, 19 percent of adults have admitted to having urinated in swimming pools at least once.
So be cool, don’t pee in the pool!
If you are interested watching Mark Rober’s research video, go on Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S32y9aYEzzo
The city has been rainy and wet for a month, and you wonder when is this going to end. When the rain stops, it’s time for the heat, and voilà, summer is here. It gets hot and humid in Hangzhou, but there are places nearby you can go to enjoy a cooler environment. These include the islands, mountains, lakes and rivers in or near Hangzhou, and the local water parks.
01 - TONGLU -
Luci Bay 桐庐-芦茨湾
Luci Village is situated on the bank of the Fuchun River and is located beside the Longmenwan Scenic Area in the south of the Yangtze River. The village of Luci has a beautiful landscape with a wealth of rural tourism attractions such as Luci Tutu and Yanlingwu Orchard. Luci Village has a long history and profound cultural heritage. This is the hometown of the late Tang poet Fang Gan. In the village of Luci, there are relatively complete ancient buildings such as Chengong Temple and Linggu Temple with historical and traditional features, ancient lanes, old bridges, and ancestral halls.
There are plenty of water entertainment projects to play. Pick a sunny weekend, bring your water gun and swimsuit, and go have a thrilling rafting or water skiing. If you don't want to go into the water, rent a bicycle to go around the lake, 50RMB for pedal boat for unlimited time, the price is very affordable. Or you can bring a small basket to dig bamboo shoots, pick some raspberries, wild vegetables and herbs. Take a bite on that ice cold watermelon, or ask for a cup of Luci black tea on the way to the mountain is also very good.
- TONGLU -
Yaolin Wonderland 桐庐-瑶琳仙境
During the Olympic season, visitors coming to the Yaolin caves can watch the live broadcast of the Games while cooling off in the caves. Yaolin Wonderland is a group of limestone caves formed by corrosion through the ages. With stalagmite and peak stones in fantastic shapes and colors as well as murmuring streams, pools and cliffs, its halls are interconnected with passages and chambers.
Yaolin Wonderland stretches 1km in depth and covers 28,000 sqm. It ranks second on the list of the newly developed natural scenic sports among the Forty Best Tourist Resorts in China. It was also awarded as one of the Ten Best Tourist Resorts in Zhejiang province.
In the spacious fourth to sixth halls of Yaolin Wonderland, 300-odd immortals from more than 20 myths and legends, such as Nuwa Patching the Skies and Houyi Shooting Down the Nine Suns, are displayed through lifelike modern audio-animatronics, complementing the beauty of the stalagmites in the other three halls of Yaolin Wonderland and adding a touch of mythology.
02 - DEQING -
Moganshan, part of China’s Moganshan National Park, about 1 hour by private car southwest of Shanghai, the lush mountain has long been the stomping ground of high-profile politicians (a list that once included Chairman Mao), foreign missionaries, Chinese gangsters, and well-heeled expats.
Thanks to its elite clientele and countryside appeal, the area has been dubbed the “Hamptons of China,” though visitors will have to trade a sandy coastline for rolling tea plantations and restored 19th-century mansions. Even without the beaches of Long Island, the draw is clear: It’s the kind of place where you can wander through tea plantations by day and sip French wines in a private cellar late into the evening. After a busy week of work in Hangzhou, where temperatures hover around 38 degrees in the summer, Moganshan provides cool mountain air and a blissfully wide-open itinerary.
There are a few places we recommend you to stay, simply search: Le Passage, naked Stables, Solvang Village Boutique on www.morehangzhou.com
03 - JIANDE -
Xin'an River 建德-新安江
Listed with the first group of national scenic spots ever adopted, the city of Jiande is described as a bright pearl along the golden tourist route from Zhejiang province to neighboring Anhui.
The Xin'an River attracts thousands of visitors from both home and abroad every year. Linking Yellow Mountain at its headwaters and Thousand-Island Lake at its lower reaches, the river winds among high mountains.
Due to its splendid landscapes, the river is renowned as a gallery where water meets mountains. Xin'an River is famous for its clear water - in summer or winter, its riverbed can be clearly seen. The temperature of the river remains 17 degrees through the whole year, and the fog on the river is also a wonder.
And forget to try the local specialty: Fish Head!
04 - LIN'AN -
West Zhejiang Grand Canyon 临安-浙西大峡谷
West Zhejiang Grand Canyon is located in the City of Lin'an in western Hangzhou. The canyon is one of the famed landscapes in western Zhexi. There are 4 main sightseeing areas: Jiamen Pass, White Horse Cliff, Zhelin Waterfall, and Laodui Brook.
From White Horse Cliff, you can see a landscape that includes waterfalls, brooks, and cliffs. At Jiamen Pass, you experience rafting or you can enjoy walking along trails through the canyon. At Zhelin Waterfall, you can see Yansheng Waterfall and Longmen Waterfall, the waters of which are exceptionally cool. An important feature of Laodui Brook is a display of cultural activities there.
- LIN'AN -
Qingshan Lake 临安-青山湖
Qingshan Lake is a manmade lake 4-5 kilometers to the east of Lin'an. Lined with metasequoia trees, the Lake makes a unique view. There is also a barbecue court and a small playing ground where you could go parachuting on the water. The best way to appreciate the views here is by boat. Tickets are available at Qinshan and Shenghe, two piers at the south bank of the Lake. You may board and alight at the same pier. There are two types of rides, with one taken on boats painted in the style of classic pleasure boats, and the other on yachts.
05 - LISHUI -
Songyang Ruoliao 丽水 - 松阳箬寮
Songyang County is located in the mountains of southwest Zhejiang and has over 1800 years of history. This is a famous city of provincial history. Historically, it was the economic center of Chuzhou (today's Lishui), and it has many historical relics, including the domestically and internationally famous Yanqing Temple Pagoda. The many cultural sites here also include the Huang Courtyard, the “Ming-Qing Neighborhood,” and the Xiongdi Jinshi (“Brothers Who Passed the Imperial Exam”) memorial gate.
The Ruoliao Primeval Forest is located in Songyang County. It is a small canyon between Lishui Mountain. The cool climate, dense vegetation accompanied by waterfalls and streams make the original forest a good place to escape the heat. The main thing here is to experience the farmhouse music, listen to the sound of the stream, breathe the fresh air and enjoy the fun of nature.
Lately, Shanghai citizens have been busy learning how to sort their garbage.
Overnight, all the garbage bins in Shanghai's major residential complexes disappeared! Residents can now only dispose of their garbage at designated garbage disposal points which are locked up during most of the day.
Each resident will be allocated with a time to dump their waste and a designated station within their vicinity, where they can sort garbage into bins.
The daily time for garbage disposal is regulated:
7am - 9am
6pm – 8pm
(Slightly different for different places)
Garbage must be sorted, otherwise the penalty will be between 50RMB-200RMB.
After the garbage bins were removed, some residents took garbage to work, some dumped them on the street late at night.
"On July 28, 2018, the garbage bins were removed. Although there was a lot of publicity previously (to educate the residents), the complex was like a big garbage dump the day after." Shi Jingjing, secretary of the party branch of the Fushi residential area in Minhang District, Shanghai, recalled, “After the garbage bins were removed and the designated garbage bins put in place, most residents, especially the elderly, found it easier to sort their garbage." Shi Jingjing said, "But some of the young people do not follow the waste classification rules. Some people throw garbage into the street trash can outside the complex. Some people take the garbage with them to throw in the garbage bins where they work.”
“In the vicinity of street shops, there will be a lot of unsorted overnight garbage in the morning.” said Wang Junxiong, head of the business department of Shanghai Jiangchuan Environmental Sanitation Comprehensive Service Co., Ltd. “The urban management, law enforcement, and other departments have their off-duty hours, some merchants would throw the unsorted garbage on the street in the evening. Even if they were discovered, the punishment is not hard enough.” In some communities, in order to find the owner of the ownerless garbage that was thrown away, the residents’ committee officials even went through the garbage to look for clues.
Garbage Disposal Service!
So some “smart” people have developed a new business:
Ms. Chen said she goes out early and comes home late every day. Garbage disposal is scheduled at certain times of the day, which gives her a headache. After all, some people are busy.
Fortunately, some people started to provide garbage disposal services at the complex where she lives. She only needs to leave the sorted garbage at her door. At 9am every day, someone will come to take them to the designated garbage disposal point. The cost is 1RMB each time and 30RMB a month.
Waste sorting is just beginning. It will be a long journey for a big country like China. Apart from enhancing garbage storage sites, local environmental agencies are aiming to resolve garbage overflow in the districts of Jing’an, Changning, Yangpu, Fengxian, Songjiang and Chongming by the end of 2018. Other districts will follow suit next year, and it is expected that a fully conceived national system - including the enforcement of garbage fees - will be in place by 2020.
Starting from June 21st, the Yellow Dragon Stadium Station will no longer operate. There will be two locations where you can get a bus to Shanghai Pudong Airport. The journey takes about 3.5 hours and the ticket cost is 120RMB. Here are the details:
To Shanghai Pudong Airport
(390 Tiyuchang Road体育场路390号)
5:30am, 6:10am, 7am, 8am, 9am, 10am, 11am, 12pm, 1pm, 2pm, 3pm, 3:50pm, 4:30pm, 5:30pm
From Hangzhou East Train Station
5:55am, 6:45am, 7:35am, 8:35am, 9:35am, 10:35am, 11:35am, 12:35pm, 1:35pm, 2:35pm, 3:35pm, 4:25pm, 5:05pm, 6:05pm
We also collected information for how to get to Xiaoshan Airport. Here are the details:
Bus to Xiaoshan Airport
(390 Tiyuchang Road体育场路390号)
Stops at: Bus station at the junction of Pinghai Road and Yuewang Road 平海路岳王路口公交车站 (You can purchase your ticket at: 平海路杭州市职工国际旅行社内)
First bus: 5am
Last bus: 9pm
Every 15 minutes from 5am to 5pm.
Every 30 minutes from 5pm to 9pm.
From Chengzhan Train Station
Inside of Chengzhan Train Station Bus Station 城站火车站汽车客运站内.
Add: 12-8 East Huancheng Road 环城东路12-8号
First bus: 5am
Last bus: 9pm
Every 30 minutes.
Hangzhou Eastern International Business Center, South Haida Road 海达南路杭州东部国际商务中心
Stops at: Shengtai Kaiyuan Mingdu Hotel 盛泰开元名都酒店
7:15am, 9:30am, 10:30am, 12:10pm, 1:40pm, 3:10pm, 4:30pm, 6:15pm
From Hangzhou East Train Station
Every 30 minutes from 5:30am from 9am.
Every 15 minutes from 9am to 9pm.
Overseas Business Park, 368 Liuhe Road 六和路368号海外创业园
Stops at: Ramada Plaza Riverside Hangzhou (华美达大酒店), and Jiangling Road Subway Station (江陵路地铁站)
6am, 7:30am, 8:30am, 9:30am, 10am, 11:20am, 12:30pm, 1:40pm, 2:50pm, 4pm, 5:20pm, 6:40pm
From Future Science and Technology City
Hangzhou Future Science and Technology City Overseas High-Level Talents Innovation Park杭州未来科技城海创园
6:40am, 7:35am, 8:40am, 9:25am, 10:20am, 11:10am, 12:30pm, 1:20pm, 2:20pm, 3:20pm, 4:20pm, 5:25pm, 5:55pm, 6:40pm
From Xixi Wetland
Longshezui, Xixi Wetland 杭州市西溪湿地龙舌嘴
8am, 10am, 12:20pm, 3:30pm
From Lake View Hotel
2 West Huancheng Road 环城西路2号
9am, 11am, 1:20pm, 4:30pm
From Hangzhou Terminal
(3339 East Desheng Rd. Jiubao Town 九堡镇德胜东路3339号)
6:40am, 7:40am, 8:45am, 8:50am, 9:10am, 9:40am, 10:10am, 10:40am, 11:20am, 12:10pm, 12:50pm, 1:30pm, 2:05pm, 2:35pm, 3:20pm, 4pm, 4:35pm, 5:10pm, 5:50pm, 6:30pm, 7:10pm, 7:40pm, 8:20pm, 8:55pm
From Hangzhou North Bus Station
(766 Moganshan Road 莫干山路766号)
5:15am, 6am, 6:45am, 7:40am, 8:10am, 8:40am, 9:20am, 10am, 10:40am, 11:30am, 12:10pm, 12:40pm, 1:20pm, 1:45pm, 2:30pm, 3:10pm, 3:50pm, 4:20pm, 5pm, 5:40pm, 6:20pm, 7pm, 7:40pm, 8:20pm, 9pm, 9:40pm, 10:10pm
From Hangzhou South Bus Station
(407 Qiutao Road 秋涛路407号)
6:20am, 7:20am, 8:20am, 9:20am, 10:30am, 11:30am, 12:30pm, 1:30pm, 2:20pm, 3:30pm, 4:30pm, 5:30pm, 6:30pm, 7:30pm, 8:30pm, 9:10pm
From Hangzhou West Bus Station
(357 Tianmushan Road 天目山路357号)
6:20am, 7:20am, 8:20am, 9:20am, 10:30am, 11:30am, 12:30pm, 1:30pm, 2:20pm, 3:30pm, 4:30pm, 5:30pm, 6:30pm, 7:30pm, 8:30pm, 9:10pm
We recommend you this platform to book your bus ticket. Not only can you buy tickets for the airport shuttle bus, but also to other cities as well. You can use your passport to purchase tickets.
To Come Back from Xiaoshan Airport
The shuttle buses of Hangzhou Airport usually take an hour to the city center and around 50 minutes to Xiaoshan District. To buy tickets, go to Gate 14, Arrival Hall, on the first floor of the domestic terminal.
China has been making efforts on waste sorting or waste recycling for decades, but there are still many problems yet to be solved. Eight cities including Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing and Hangzhou were considered national pilot cities for garbage sorting in 1998. Twenty years on, their efforts have not achieved the desired results. According to the People's Daily, the failure of garbage classification was due to three reasons: a lack of awareness from residents, misconduct from garbage workers and insufficient financial support.
According to a survey released by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment research center, 63.7 percent of people surveyed believe that the reason why they fail to sort the garbage is due to the lack of classified waste bins in their residential communities. 59.6 percent of people blame their behavior on the failure of city garbage disposal services, which mix all garbage together, leading people to think that there's no point in sorting.
Other reasons include that the residents don't know how to sort; they have no sense of accomplishment; they think sorting is complicated, exhausting and few people around them do it.
First Penalty in Hangzhou for Garbage Classification
On May 30th, 2019, Hangzhou Jianggan District officially imposed penalties for the classification of personal waste.
On the morning of May 30, Mr. Zhang, who lives in Caihe Street in Jianggan District, signed his name on the “Administrative Punishment Decision”. Jianggan District City Management Office fined Mr. Zhang for 50RMB because the garbage was misplaced.
Mr. Zhang became the first person in Hangzhou who was not properly sorting garbage and was subject to administrative punishment.
Shanghai Will Be the First City to Enforce Garbage Classification
Yes, starting from July 1st, 2019, Garbage Classification will be officially implemented in Shanghai!
Shanghai is going to be the pioneer city for waste sorting and recycling, which makes it the first city in China to publish harsh regulations on garbage sorting and recycling. The government has put out a list of categories for sorting waste including recyclable, hazardous, wet and dry. It also specified the punishments for individuals and companies that break the rules.
Fines for individual mixed garbage will be up to 200RMB
Fines for companies, organizations, and complex mixing of garbage will be up to 50,000RMB
For individuals, authorities will fine a maximum of 200RMB (about 29 U.S. dollars) for mixing the garbage, while companies and organizations that are in charge of garbage sorting, transporting, processing and management will be fined a maximum 50,000RMB (about 72,357 U.S. dollars).
The regulation will come into effect on July 1 and was passed by the people's congress of Shanghai municipal city on January 31, 2018.
Basically divided into four categories: Hazardous Waste, Recyclable Waste, Household Food Waste, and Residual Waste. Check out the colours and Chinese below:
These four categories are the major ones. How do we distinguish them? We explain each category for you, let’s start with Recyclable Waste.
Paper, plastic, scrap metal, glass bottles & containers, magazines, books & cardboard, clothes, fabric, toys, take-out or food delivery packaging
This is where your plastic bottles and containers go, unless they are dirty and can’t be cleaned, in which case, they go in the Residual Waste (干垃圾) bin. Pour out the liquid before you throw your drink bottles or food containers away. Rinse them with water and squash them. You’re doing the sanitation workers a huge favor by reducing the size and weight, and giving them a bit of dignity.
Cosmetic brands such as Kiehl's, Origins, M.A.C, Shiseido, and Innisfree can take your returned containers and reward you with small samples and membership points.
Household Food Waste
Food waste, expired food, shells & husk, dead plants, Chinese medicine
Anything type of food waste belongs in this category. The chicken bones from last night, the shells from your favourite spicy crayfish, shrimp, or crab, the plant you bought three months ago and is now dead, grape skin, fruit peels… but leftover milk or yogurt should be poured directly into your sink.
Most organic food waste belongs here, except things that are hard to break down, like big bones and coconut shells, which go in the Residual Waste (干垃圾) bin. Remember to remove the plastic from anything you put in these bins.
Anything else goes to Residual Waste.
Bottles or cans that are dirty and can’t be cleaned should go in the Residual Waste (干垃圾) bin. Things like face mask packaging, nail polish bottles, cotton sticks, toothbrushes, towels, used tissues, tampons, diapers, cigarette butts, plant pots, plastic wrap, yogurt or milk bottles (you need to empty the bottle first). Clean food packaging goes to Recyclable, dirty and used packaging goes to Residual Waste.
Waimai containers are incredibly hard to recycle, even the paper-based ones. These containers are often lined with polyethylene and tainted with food residue so they are very unpopular among garbage collectors -- it’s not worth their effort to wash them or separate the liners. The same goes for disposable coffee cups. This is a problem.
So here are the four steps we suggest you do. First, separate the clean paper/plastics and dirty containers. Leftover food →Household Food Waste Bin (湿垃圾); dirty containers →Residual Waste (干垃圾) bin; Clean bags → Recyclable (可回收物) bin.
Used batteries (rechargeable batteries, button batteries, batteries), paint cans, waste lamp, paint buckets, pesticides (there are residues that need to be sealed in advance and then disposed of), expired or discarded drugs, and other hazardous materials.
In newer residential areas, they are usually right next to the other bins, in red or with a red label. If you don’t have one in your neighborhood, talk to your local neighborhood management about options for disposal. That’s kind of mafan but we all need to do the best we can.
If you are wondering how many garbage bags you should have at home to handle daily waste, we have an idea for you to try.
More Options for Recyclable Waste
For books, Duozhuayu (多抓鱼) is great for selling and buying second-hand books. Funded by Tencent, Duozhuayu has a system that verifies and estimates the value of your books, and they will collect the books from you free of charge.
For clothes, take them back to the store, or take them to H&M. Clothing shops Uniqlo, H&M, and Zara all provide recycling services for used clothes from their own shops; H&M even accepts clothes from other brands.
Social enterprise Feimayi (飞蚂蚁) is at the forefront of online textile recycling in China and provides a free collection service for more than five kg of clothes. Also funded by Tencent, like Duozhuayu, it’s accessible via desktop and WeChat mini-program. Find the QR code by scrolling down on their website. Basic Chinese is needed to navigate the app and fill out the form.
Aihuishou (爱回收) is China’s largest platform for recycling and selling second-hand electronics. They have offline stores in shopping malls throughout the city.
Xianyu (闲鱼) is Taobao’s second-hand marketplace. Although not desktop-friendly, you can sell almost anything there. The platform is super active due to its sheer size. There is an amazing, incredible, wonderfully efficient and hugely profitable Buy & Sell section here.
Green Initiatives offers transparent waste management for e-waste, paper, and textile waste. They also have recycling bins at URBN hotel, Element Fresh, and many other private and public collection points around Shanghai. For home pick up, Feibao, a social enterprise that works with Green Iniatitives offers recycling service through WeChat.